The major difference between the two theories is that from the Marxist perspective society is viewed as constantly changing, whereas from a functionalist mode of thought society is seen to be relatively stable. Marx viewed society as dynamic, or “continually evolving,” because of the recurrent replacement of the ruling cl...
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...the strengths and weaknesses of the theories compliment each other. Marxism is useful in explaining change, however it lacks the ability to account for stability. On the other hand, functionalism is favorable for explaining stability, but it is incapable of justifying change. Although the two theories are distinct from each other, they balance one another. This suggests that when research is being conducted within the field of anthropology and sociology, it would be beneficial for the researcher to incorporate both frameworks into his research in order to gain the richest, most relevant information. In conclusion, rather than forgetting about one theoretical framework, when the next more alluring framework is developed, it may be advantageous for the anthropologist or sociologist to incorporate the strong aspects of the previous theory into their new approach.
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