Two studies surveyed the function of implicit theories of intelligence in adolescent’s achievement in mathematics. In Study 1, Blackwell and colleagues followed four waves of junior high students, beginning in 7th grade, over a five-year period. The 373 students that participated in this study were moderately high achieving, nationally ranking in the 75th percentile in mathematics. The student took a Theory of Intelligence questionnaire.
Study 2 was very similar to Study 1, but there were a few major differences. In Study 2, there were a total 91 participants. However, instead of the moderately high achieving students in Study 1, the focus was on low achieving students. Blackwell and colleagues wanted to answer whether teaching students that intelligence is flexible would increase positive motivation, therefore increasing achievement in the classroom. In order to test their theory, they implemented an eight-week intervention, which consisted of an advisory class that students attended once a week for twenty-five minutes. Each advisory group was assigned randomly to the incremental theory training condition or the control condition. These advisory classes (or workshops) covered information regarding the brain and its’ circuitry. In order to measure the content and effectiveness of the intervention, the students in both conditions took a multiple-choice quiz over the content of the workshop they attended. Teacher assessments were used to measure motivational behavior changes in the students. Three weeks following the intervention, the students took a Theory of Intelligence questionnaire to gauge whether or not the students’ theory of intelligence changed over the course of the workshop.
Study 1 and St...
... middle of paper ...
... and self-responsibility are key features of academic achievement. A creative and positive atmosphere allows adolescents to explore their full potential as a learner. Parents and teacher ought to be engaging and provide support for the student. They should be knowledgeable about what is appropriately challenging for their student, so that the student avoids feeling overwhelmed or defeated.
Bassi, M., Steca, P., Delle Fave, A., & Caprara, G. V. (2007). Academic self-efficacy beliefs and quality of experience in learning. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 36(3), 301-312. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10964-006-9069-y
Blackwell, Lisa S., Kali H. Trzesniewski, and Carol Sorich Dweck. "Implicit Theories of Intelligence Predict Achievement Across an Adolescent Transition: A Longitudinal Study and an Intervention." Child Development 78.1 (2007): 246-63. Web.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Theories of Intelligence Paper Controversy, controversy, and more controversy; and, here again, we have varied opinions as to how intelligence is defined. Psychologists continue to debate as to what exactly constitutes or defines intelligence. Whether it is an aptitude, or a range of aptitudes or a single general intelligence derived from a mental ability or physical ability continues to be the argument. According to David Myers (2014) “Intelligence experts agree: Intelligence is a concept and not a “thing” (p.... [tags: Intelligence, Theory of multiple intelligences]
1059 words (3 pages)
- Intelligence tests have been developed by scientists as a tool to categorize army recruits or analyze school children. But still discussing what intelligence is, academics have a difficult time defining what intelligence tests should measure. According to the American researcher Thorndike, intelligence is only that what intelligence tests claim it is (Comer, Gould, & Furnham, 2013). Thus, depending on what is being researched in the test and depending on the scientist’s definition of intelligence the meaning of the word intelligence may vary a lot.... [tags: Intelligence, Intelligence quotient]
1065 words (3 pages)
- Intelligence Critique This is an essay about the different theories of intelligence; it will discuss which theory is best at determining intelligence in my opinion. The information provided will help describe the pros and cons of each of the theories being used to define intelligence, explain why is it important to assess children’s intelligence, and discuss the type of intelligence I possess. The different theories of intelligence are complex and understanding the elements of each can help an individual choose the one that they believe is the best for determining intelligence.... [tags: Intelligence, Theory of multiple intelligences]
1057 words (3 pages)
- For the concept of intelligence, Robert Sternberg’s “Triarchic Theory of Successful Intelligence” and Gardner’s “Theory of Multiple Intelligences” were focused on for this particular self-assessment. Sternberg’s theory of intelligence divides total intelligence into analytic, creative and practical components (Woolfolk 117). According to Sternberg, analytical intelligence involves “the mental processes of the individual that lead to more or less intelligent behavior”, creative intelligence involves “coping with new experiences”, and practical intelligence involves emphasizing “the importance of choosing an environment in which you can succeed, adapting to that environment, and reshaping it i... [tags: Intelligence, Theory of multiple intelligences]
822 words (2.3 pages)
- Question Set 1: What challenges to the traditional, general factor (“g”) theories of intelligence are presented by Hector’s situation above. Cognitive development in middle childhood focuses on thinking and constructed knowledge. As their cognitive abilities flourish and grow, children learn to meet requirements of formal schooling. Hector’s ability to excel in pre-calculus and economics shows that he is accustomed to formal schooling and can succeed in a traditional setting. However, he is not excelling in all aspects of formal schooling based upon his poor marks in philosophy.... [tags: Intelligence, Intelligence quotient]
1684 words (4.8 pages)
- There is no international definitive definition of intelligence and according to Bimfort (1958) there will continue to be a discrepancy and There is no international definitive definition of intelligence and according to Bimfort (1958) there will continue to be a discrepancy and misunderstanding between and outside the intelligence community over the meaning of intelligence. One definition that best suits the current idea of intelligence is “the knowledge – and ideally, the foreknowledge sought by nations in response to external threats and to protect their vital interests, especially the well-being of their own people” (Russell 2010, p.7).... [tags: government intelligence]
990 words (2.8 pages)
- Psychologists have differed on the definition for intelligence and how to measure intelligence. In this paper the definition of intelligence and how it is measured will be discussed by comparing and contrasting the two intelligence tests and two achievement tests chosen from the Mental Measurement Yearbook. The intelligence tests chosen were the Primary Test of Nonverbal Intelligence (PTONI) and the Test of Memory and Learning, 2nd ed., (TOMAL-2) and the achievement tests chosen were the Basic Achievement Skills Inventory (BASI) and the Differential Ability Scales, 2nd ed.... [tags: Intelligence]
1766 words (5 pages)
- Kwajo Frimpong Kristel Behrend AP Seminar 14 December, 2015 Invalid Intelligence Tests People have many different standards of intelligence and it is has a high value in our society. Intelligence is something that manymost people would describe as one’syour ability to perform equations and solve problems or even know how to pick up on someone’s feelings. There are many ways that people measure intelligence. One popular way of measuring intelligence is intelligence tests which have been highly regarded by many for decades.... [tags: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale]
1592 words (4.5 pages)
- Why is it that certain people within our society are intellectually gifted while others are not. It would seem that since we as humans are of the same species, we would have a very comparable intelligence level, and yet IQ test scores for 99 percent of the population range clear from “barely functioning” fifty-five to “Einstein” 145 (based on the Wechsler IQ test). Perhaps our perception is a little skewed. Maybe everyone is more similar intellectually than limited IQ tests can discern. Think about someone who you consider to be “under par” or even average on a scale of one to smart.... [tags: Intelligence]
1341 words (3.8 pages)
- I. INTRODUCTION: The United States Intelligence community draws on advanced technology and analytical techniques. An intelligence process that sets objectives, collects, analyzes, and report findings, with feedback loops integrated throughout. Explicitly, the intelligence community advantages technology and tradecraft within a proscribed process. However, estimation of threats and decision-making are outcomes of human thinking. Analysts and policymakers create mental models, or short cuts to manage complex, changing environments.... [tags: Intelligence]
2045 words (5.8 pages)