Fukuyama thinks we have unique skills to evolve in unique ways to sustain the human species. People have some sophisticated features interacting together with unique contradicting potentials cooperating to give rise to human species skilled enough to continue existing. According to the transhumans proposals, humans have short-comings that makes them not maximize their full potential. They see the human race as suffering from inequalities based on race and culture. Moreover, the transhuman proponents also noted the inherent diseases that dodge human lives thus reducing the standard of lives during their lifespan. Also, humans have a very short lifespan, which can be lengthened through biotechnological knowledge.
Fukuyama shows a strong case regarding human difficulties and contradicting features that have sustained the human for generations. Fukuyama thinks humans have the potential to cope and evolve out of the contradictions of their abilities and uniqueness. Fukuyama believes good characteristics in human beings are canceled out with the bad ones, a fact that allows humans adapt, thus leaving enriching lives against the wish of the transhumans who see evolution forces as creating conceit in the human race. Fukuyama suggests humans often defend themselves due to their hostile nature. Moreover, people can only be loyal to others close to them if they have the will to exclude other people within their inner circles. He notes without the capacity of a human to be jealous, they cannot show love to people who need it most, people who are closer to them (Fukuyama, 2003). Even the mortal state of man cannot change as the transhumans suggest, as it...
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...os by asking a rather rhetorical question about the types of rights the transcended human race would have if biotechnology were responsible for the changes in humans. In his text, he also poses the argument, “… What rights will the enhanced creatures claim? And what rights will they possess when compared to those left behind (Macmillan, 2002)?”. I think the appeal to ethos, aims at providing personal appeal to those people who oppose his views to show empathy to the human race and consider his stand. It’s therefore, important to note without the use of the logos and the ethos, people may not take a person’s words seriously. Pathos and Logos help give value to the argument as people often respect the knowledge source, as in the case of the logos more than the person who made the statement does.
Fukuyama has unique ways of interpreting human nature Fukuyama
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