Fuel Consumption And Environmental Issues Essay

Fuel Consumption And Environmental Issues Essay

Length: 895 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

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Introduction
Increasing fuel consumption and environmental issues have recently forced people to discover new paths to produce fuels from renewable resources. This is often achieved by using submerged-state fermentation with microorganisms. As an alternative, solid-state fermentation offers some advantages over submerged state fermentation.
The article aims to study the solid-state fermentation and to compare it with submerged-state fermentation, in terms of the ability to produce biomass-based fuels. This objective was achieved by using bacteria Clostridium phytofermentans to convert switchgrass into fermentation products, such as ethanol, acetate and hydrogen (H¬2) under both fermentation conditions. Further experiments were conducted under so-lid-state fermentation to observe the effect of pH and moisture content on some variables, such as con-version of xylan and glucan, concentration and the amount of produced ethanol, acetate and H2. The authors concluded that solid-state fermentation may serve as an economical alternative to submerged-state fermentation.
Review
The authors clearly explained the background and the objective of this study in the introduction section, which is a good and standard practice of writing a scientific article. They made their raw material and microorganism selection based on strong references. They listed some advantages of solid-state fermentation, but also acknowledged the limitations of it, which might indicate the authors’ objective point of view. Several previous studies on solid-state fermentation were also briefly described. Some improvements could have been made on this introductory part, for example by listing the variables of fermentation end products to be observed, and making a few hypot...


... middle of paper ...


... using solid-state fermentation of Clostridium phytofermentans may be an economical alternative to submerged-state fermentation. However, this contradicts the experimental facts that products yield of solid-state fermentation was lower than that of submerged-state. Further research may be conducted to support this conclusion. The research may consider some factors, such as separation feasibility and costs of solid-state in comparison to submerged-state fermentation. Nevertheless, the objective was achieved in comparing both states of fermentation, and showing the effect of parameter pH and moisture content on solid-state fermentation.
Conclusion
Overall, the article is well-presented with good academic-style writing. It may serve as a basis for further studies, considering more parameters and various variables, to develop feasible and economical industrial processes.

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Essay on Fuel Consumption And Environmental Issues

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