The idea of Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) technology holds promise for a wide-range of medical and non-medical applications (Figure 1); from disabled individuals experiencing considerable physical impairments, developing gaming and virtual reality (VR) environments to impacting safety and security in the civilian and military sectors (L´ecuyer et al., 2008; Leeb, Friedman, & Pfurtsheller, G, 2007; Sanjay, 2013; Velloso, 2012). This emerging technology is known by various terminologies, such as BCI, Direct Brain Interface (DBI), Brain-Machine Interface (BMI), and neuro-brain transmission. Conventional computer input and assistive technology devices depend on the small though steadfast muscle movements, which patients lose during the progress of the disease. BCIs identify tiny changes in the brain signals to present a control path for devices which does not rely on the movement of muscles. BCIs do not interpret or communicate thoughts, although they do sense small changes in the brain signals to facilitate a path of control which does not rely on muscle movements (Nordqvist, 2013; Ourand & Moore, 2005). The basis of this paper is exploring just how video games and VR impact and benefit research & development (R&D), aviation and military applications, and the medical field for individuals with speech, vision, and mobility disabilities.
Figure 1. Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) applications. Retrieved from http://avaliacaotecnologia.files.wordpress.com/2012/08/ppt-gabriel-july-2012-final200712-final.pdf
VR developments were originally envisioned for assistive technology and of late for research fields like gaming, aviation and military activities, and robotics. Only ...
... middle of paper ...
Ourand, P., & Moore, M. (2005). Brain Computer Interface Technology. Retrieved from
Sanjay, A. (2013). Brain computer interface.ppt. Retrieved from
The Telegraph. (2013). Mind-controlled robot helicopter takes flight. Retrieved from
Velloso, G. (2012). Brain-Computer interfaces what does the future hold? Retrieved from
Zurn, R. (2013). University of Minnesota researchers control flying robot with only their mind.
Retrieved from http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-06/uom-uom060513.php
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