In “Criteria of Negro Art”, W.E.B Du bois claims that all art is propaganda and is created to convey a message. In addition, Du Bois believed art can be used for the purpose of racial uplift, especially in the African-American community. He also ponders how art produced by African-Americans will be perceived by society. African-Americans or oppressed groups in general have been dehumanized in society, therefore, it would appear difficult for the groups that are higher in power to take their work in consideration. Du Bois states, “…the white public today demands from its artist literary and pictorial, racial prejudgment which deli...
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...nd to drugs, violence and economic disparity, disadvantaged areas must be provided with good quality education, job opportunities and many more resources in order to seek hope in the future.
Sullivan, Rachel E. "Rap and Race: It's Got a Nice Beat, but What about the Message?" Journal of Black Studies 33.5 (2003): 605-622. Print.
Du Bois, W.E.B. "From Criteria of Negro Art." Cultural conversations: The presence of the past. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2001. 159-62. Print.
Morgan, Joan. “From Fly-Girls to Bitches and Hos.” Cultural conversations: The presence of the past. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2001. 201-205. Print.
Crossley, Scott. "Metaphorical Conceptions in Hip-Hop Music." African American Review 39.4 (2005): 501-512. Print
Blanchard, Becky. “The Social Significance of Rap & Hip-Hop Culture.” Poverty and Prejudice (1999)
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