Aristotle points out that friendship exists only in two parties who wish goodwill for each other and are aware of their intentions. He urges that without reciprocation of wishing goodwill to each other, then that cannot be defined as friendship. Again, if one party wishes good will while the other party is not aware, there could be no friendship. According to Aristotle, relationships focused towards friendship might fall into three categories. The categories include virtue, utility, and pleasure. Aristotle defines utility as temporary and can change anytime since it depends on the situation. For instance, a relationship based on a certain foundation can be said to be delicate or unstable. In case the basis or the foundation holding the friendship disappears, it weakens automatically and breaks up. Pleasure is the next category that is based on erotic friendship. According to Aristotle, the friendship can easily disappear in case one party is denied the pleasure. Finally, Aristotle describes relationship based on virtue or goodness. H...
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In conclusion, friendship is a basic need to everybody around the world. Two philosophers Aristotle and Cicero present well reliable information about friendship. The paper looks at the differences of friendship according to the two philosophers. For instance, Aristotle presents three categories of friendship. These categories include pleasure, utility and goodness or virtue. Cicero does not present categories of friendship. While Aristotle focuses on virtue, Cicero main focus on the essence of goodwill. Aristotle goes ahead and presents differences between affection and goodwill. Cicero talks of familiarity and says that it is the crucial element of friendship. Both philosophers agree on honesty as the best virtue to those who value friendship. According to my opinion, Aristotle argument of friendship is more philosophical and important to the people.
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