Essay on Freud 's Psychosexual Theory And Erikson 's Psychosocial Theory

Essay on Freud 's Psychosexual Theory And Erikson 's Psychosocial Theory

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Freud’s psychosexual theory and Erikson’s psychosocial theory are two very renowned developmental concepts. Erikson was persuaded by Freud’s ideas but he elaborated on the theory differently.
Erikson’s theory emphasized how both earlier and later experiences are proportionately important in the person’s development and how personality develops beyond puberty. But, Freud would argue that most development occurs during the earlier period of an individual’s life. Freud’s psychosexual stages comprised of five stages that ends in puberty. Erikson’s first few psychosocial stages are somewhat similar to that of Freud’s stages one to three but Erikson further expands his developmental stages to eight, covering old age.
Similarly to Freud, Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of determined stages and that much of people’s development occurred in earlier life. The psychologists thought that a conflict had to be resolved in order to progress to the next stage. They both concurred that human development is chiefly an unconscious growth, and when development takes place it is a steady process. Similarities in both theories in this sense the id, ego and super ego play pivotal roles in development.
Freud believed that we are born with the id and ego develops later in life. Superego develops by the end of the phallic stage. Erikson agreed with this theory and thought ego as the most important.
Erikson’s developmental theory was very detailed as compared to Freud. His theory describes the influence of social experiences in one’s life; however Freud described development based on sexuality. Another major difference between Freud and Erikson’s developmental theory is the end result of the stages. Freud believed that when fixati...


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... when there is a lack of nurture and interaction with an adult who tends to the infants’ needs. Children develop a greater sense of personal control during the second stage. This stage is similar to Freud as much of the conflict during this stage focuses around toilet training. Stage three centers on preschool years when children start to interact through role playing. Stage four spans early school years in which children develop pride in their accomplishments. Stage five deals with adolescence, when people form an identity. Stage six is early adulthood where people search personal relationships to achieve intimacy with others. The seventh stage focuses on the adult contribution to society and to the development of the next generation. The last stage is old age and is focused on looking back on life and having a sense of integrity and pride in their accomplishments.

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