British and French Colonies were very different, especially when it came to governing. British government included a governor and an elected legislative assembly. The colonial assemblies that were elected controlled the budget and could enact laws and legislature. In New France, the people did not have right to vote for their official, so they did not have much say in any government matters like the colonists in British colonies did. The lax government of the British colonies allowed for unlawful things to be overlooked at times, referred to as “salutary neglect”. This oversight was stopped by Cromwell who favored mercantilism that allowed the governor to oversee all economic happenings. Mercantilism placed taxes on goods and forced those that were skilled in certain areas to remain inside their colony to ensure their economic stability. He also started a series of Navigation Acts aimed at increasing the mercantile system, and allowed Parliam...
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...war, or also known as the Seven Years War in Europe began. The war allowed for a lot of territory to be won. The Treaty of Paris signed in February 1763 opened an avenue for Britain to take the French’s territories and fur trade which was very profitable. The war also caused the British to control most of the North American continent. France had lost all territory on the continent.
After the French and Indian War, the French had transferred the Native American lands to the British without any right to do so, thus upsetting the Indians. The Indians decided to attack, spurring Pontiac’s Rebellion. This attack resulted in the retreat of the British from their lands, and King George III to issue the Royal Proclamation of 1763. This proclamation essentially separated the British and Indian lands, providing protection of the Indian settlements from harm by the British.
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