Voltaire became known as the recognized leader of the French Enlightenment. He had very strong feelings on the values of the Enlightenment. One of his most notable points was his idea of all people being free thinkers. He wanted peo...
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...paration of powers, which would not be successful in a government with a monarch who has power over everyone else. At the time in France, the monarch had absolute power over everyone else. The others people were divided into three estates, most people not even having power over their own land. His theory of separating powers would have three branches of government. The legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. Montesquieu envisioned those three branches having an equal amount of power and checking one another to keep each one 's authority under control. Montesquieu claimed that this was the best system of government for people who prized freedom, on the grounds that by dividing the sovereignty of the nation between various centres of power, it provided a permanent check and balance, ensuring that one of the other would not become despotic.
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