Scholars identify several catalysts for dominance in this period. First, the Enlightenment ideals threatened existing hierarchies by encouraging the people’s right to determine how they should be ruled. Once they established how to govern themselves so the majority attained more political influence, people were then able to concentrate on external means of power. Second, industrial and agrarian revolutions influenced social hierarchies and changed the basis of power. When lower classes worked the land, they controlled the means of production and therefore had a significant hold on the economy. After the failed agrarian revolution in the German states, the means of production went to the aristocracy, solidifying its dominance over the peasantry. Industrial Britain experienced overcrowding in the cit...
... middle of paper ...
...untry to function. Political and agrarian revolutions changed this hierarchy in France and Germany, respectively. France’s revolutionaries demanded equal representation and took up arms to place the citizenry in the dominating position, which challenged a hierarchy that was hundreds of years old. In the German Empire, serfdom kept the peasantry poor but in control of the means of production. After the Napoleonic Wars, the German states issued legislation that would stimulate the agricultural production necessary to generate income and make reparation payments. These changes benefitted neither the aristocracy nor the peasantry, but the government’s provision of assistance to the rich forced the poor to relinquish land or payments to alleviate the financial burden. This may not have changed the social order in Germany, but it did solidify aristocratic control.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Sino-Soviet split was akin to a bitter divorce where it had spurred on innuendos of both guilt and innocence that lay on both sides. The deteriorating relationship between the communist powerhouses, leading to their eventual separation was founded by their deeply rooted ideological differences which Mao refused to compromise on and wavering in his path towards his revolutionary agenda. Once common allies, had now gradually drifted apart as in regards to separatist ideals in the direction of international communism.... [tags: Cold War, Communism, People's Republic of China]
723 words (2.1 pages)
- Korean War The WWII had left the Asian country Korea divided. In June 25, 1950, North Korea invaded South Korea without declaration. It marked the beginning of the three-year long Korean War. Soon, the Soviet Union and communist China joined the combat on the side of North Korea, a communist state. A United Nations force led by the Unites States, who was in the stage of the Cold War with the Soviet, supported South Korea which had a fragile democracy. The Korean Conflict proceeded in between the Second World War in 1939 and the Vietnam War in 1955, two of the largest military conflict in world history.... [tags: Cold War, World War II, Korean War, United States]
1164 words (3.3 pages)
- During the forty years after World War II, the Soviet Union in Western eyes remained to be a dangerous threat to Western policies, bent on complete control over Europe. According to Washington, the Soviet Union was such a threat to the Western powers so that it needed to be contained and confronted. From Berlin to China and Vietnam to Cuba, the Soviet Union and the United States confrontation lasted for 44 years; a massive global confrontation of both superpowers that created the Cold War era. A vast conflict between the Western democracies and the Soviet Union, the East-West conflict “was a war of nerves and resources, but also above all it was a struggle of ideas and values.... [tags: Soviet Union, Cold War, World War II]
1584 words (4.5 pages)
- Suspicion and different ideologies led the two most dominant nations in the world to turn their backs on one other and fight for the spread of their principles in the Cold War. Fresh out of World War II, Stalin declined the offer to join the United Nations. In 1946, Winston Churchill revealed to the world the actual tension going on in the “present position in Europe.” He states “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe.... [tags: Soviet Union, Cold War, World War II, Communism]
1150 words (3.3 pages)
- Following World War II, Europe was in ruins. Between bomb damage, economic downturn, and natural disasters such as droughts and blizzards it seemed nearly impossible to restore Europe to its prior greatness. America facilitated the recovery of Europe with military and financial aid and helped prevent the spread of communism. This aid crushed the Soviet dream of a communist Europe and started the Cold War. Over the next 45 years, the United States and the Soviet Union would resemble two angry women, avoiding each other at all costs and exploding into a furious rage at the first sight of the other.... [tags: Cold War Impact on America]
2210 words (6.3 pages)
- The Cold War is the rivalry between the Soviet Union and the United States that followed World War II and shaped world politics between 1945 and 1989. There are many things that could have set off the start of the Cold War. Some historians believe that it was one thing and other people may believe that it was something else that had set it off. There are many origins or causes of the Cold War. The Cold War began in 1945 and ended in 1991. According to the World History book, Heonik Kwon said the origins of the Cold War are an unsettled issue that continues to engender instructive debate among historians.... [tags: Cold War, Soviet Union, World War II]
1160 words (3.3 pages)
- Since the Russian Revolution in 1905, the world housed suspicions regarding communism. These suspicions grew through both World War I, blossoming into a direct confrontation between Communist Russia and Capitalist America. Following the acts of World War II, the Cold War erupted. During the Cold War, United States foreign policy grew gradually aggressive, reflecting the public sentiment. The American anticommunist attitude began in 1919, with the Red Scare. In 1917, Russia experienced the culmination of multiple social revolutions as the Bolsheviks seized control of the government.... [tags: cold war, anticommunism, communist russia]
925 words (2.6 pages)
- - German nationalism was divided at the end of the Second World War as a result of the division of areas to be administrated and controlled by the British, French, Americans and Soviets. As a result of ideologies of the controlling countries, naturally the three areas controlled by Western Democracies would grow closer due to a shared ideological methodology. This further divided German nationalism as it created a pro-democratic Western Germany, and a Soviet controlled Communist Eastern Germany.... [tags: Soviet Union, Cold War, World War II]
1148 words (3.3 pages)
- The Cold War was an ideological battle on how to industrialize aspects of modern society. With countries weakened due to World War II, America and the Soviet Union both rose as a strong, dominant power to the rest of the world. The United States feared that communism would spread through Eastern Europe, then to countries like Italy and France, which would then move to them (The Origins of the Cold War). As Kaufman states in her book “A Concise History of U.S. Foreign Policy”, an unintended consequence of World War II was establishing the context of the Cold War, as a result of the clashing power between the Soviet Union and United States (Kaufman 83).... [tags: Soviet Union, World War II, Cold War, Communism]
1958 words (5.6 pages)
- Throughout history, science and technology has been relied on to advance humanity. In the Cold War period, this was no different. In fact, the Cold War period was characterized as much by scientific and technological innovation as it was the clash of East and West. From missiles to the space race, science and technology reassured both superiority and mutual destruction throughout the era. The space race, in particular, was a longstanding battle for domination between American and Soviet minds. No longer was space travel confined to science fiction, but a reality that needed to be explored in order to maintain the grasp on victory in the Cold War.... [tags: History, Cold War]
2424 words (6.9 pages)