Two categories of insurance constitute the French healthcare system, which facilitates universal medical coverage among its citizen and beneficiaries. The Statutory Health Insurance (SHI), financed primarily through “payroll taxes and...an income tax,” covers the entire resident population (E. Mossialos 59). The SHI is composed of several schemes in which “individuals and their families are affiliated with a scheme based on their employment status and remain in [that] scheme in retirement.” No individuals can opt out to ensure coverage among “virtually the entire population.” The most popular scheme “covers employees in commerce and industry,” representing approximately 88% of the population. Despite the variety of SHI schemes for variations in employment statuses, such as agricultural or self-employment, “there is no competition among the schemes.” For low-inc...
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...ational Health Strategy, in which “reduction of health inequities...in access to care” is emphasized, foreshadowing future reforms (E. Mossialos 65).
For an elderly individual at the age of seventy, France remains the superior country for exceptional healthcare. According to the 2014 Commonwealth Survey of Older Adults, 100% of French respondents had a “regular doctor or place of care.” Furthermore, 3% of elderly patients in France “had cost-related access problems in the past year,” the lowest rate for countries surveyed, compared to 19% of American respondents. The elderly in the French healthcare have few financial barriers to prevent access as no elderly patients “had spent $2,000 or more out-of-pocket in the past year” and 83% of patients “could get same or next day appointment with a doctor...when sick or needed,” first in the survey (“2014 Commonwealth Fund”).
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