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Firstly I would like to tell you about Pluralism and Media independence. The explanation of Pluralism in the article is: “Pluralism Measures the degree to which opinions are represented in the media”. The explanation of Media independence in the article is: “Media independence measures the degree to which the media are able to function independently of the authorities". There is no media independence in Cuba at all. Everything what is digital is controlled by government. The laws for media are very strict and the population is not happy about it. The government should definitely give more freedom for people in both media and political pluralism.
Other two criteria are Transparency and Legislative framework. In the World Press Freedom article Transparency explained as it “Measures the transparency of the institutions” and the Legislative framework explained as it “Analyses the quality of the legislative framework and measures its effectiveness”. The laws in Cuba allow only one party to legislate, so none of other party don’t have any permission to legislate. To improve Transparency and Legislative framework the government of Cuba should change their laws for legislation and access more than one party to legislate. Also, in Cuba the price for media, technologies and other production is very high. The government should give more freedom for the private organizations to produce, so the technologies will be cheaper.
The last criteria are Infrastructure, Environment and self-censorship.
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"Freedom of Press in Cuba." 123HelpMe.com. 18 Feb 2020
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Cubans ranking of 171 out of 181 on the 2013 World Press Freedom Index is a result of six factors. Firstly, a lack of media independence and a political pluralism. Secondary, the lack of transparency and a clear legislative framework. Finally, poor infrastructure in the country, poverty and environment, self-censorship are a major factors. Therefore, when these factors are taking with consideration, it becomes obvious why Cuba has a very low press freedom rank.