Frederic Skinner : An Emotional Speech At The American Psychological Association

Frederic Skinner : An Emotional Speech At The American Psychological Association

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Burrhus Frederic Skinner (B.F. Skinner) was born on March 20, 1904, in Susquehanna, Pennsylvania. Skinner most notably was known for his work such as: Project Pigeon, The Baby Tender, Walden Two, and lastly he generated better methods of teaching for learning children including those with autism. Skinner gave an emotional speech at the American Psychological Association (APA) convention just ten days before his death. He died due to leukemia on August 18, 1990. At this convention, he received an unprecedented Citation for Outstanding Lifetime Contribution to Psychology, the only person to receive this type of an award in the history of APA. During his career, Skinner received other honors and awards, including serving as William James Lecturer at Harvard, being granted the 1958 APA Distinguished Scientific Award, and winning the President’s Medal of Science (B. F. Skinner Foundation, 2014).
Skinner documented two kinds of conditioning, classical and operant. Classical conditioning also known as respondent conditioning, is a response triggered from an identifiable stimulus. On the other hand, operant conditioning also known as the Skinnerian conditioning, is when a behavior is more likely to recur if it is continually reinforced. A distinct difference between classical and operant conditioning is that classical conditioning is when a behavior is provoked from the organism, whereas in operant conditioning, a behavior is produced (Feist, 2009).
Classical Conditioning
First, classical conditioning is when a neutral stimulus is combined with an unconditioned stimulus a number of times, until a previously unconditioned response produces a conditioned response. Examples of reflexive behaviors are when a light being shined in a person’s ...


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...n undesired response or by removing a potentially rewarding stimulus.
There are many problems with using punishment, such as:
• Punished behavior is suppressed and the behavior returns when punishment is no longer present.
• Causes increased aggression.
• Creates fear that can generalize to undesirable behaviors.
• Does not help to produce the desired behavior because it only tells you what not to do (McLeod, 2015).
CONCLUSION
Behaviorism is primarily concerned with observable behavior, as opposed to internal events like thinking and emotion. The major influence on human behavior is learning from our environment (McLeod, 2015). Classical conditioning is used daily in life and has proven to be very effective. Whether it’s parenting, advertisements for food or a new gadget, or even just a routine or schedule some form of conditioning in had some part in its execution.

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