Frederic Edwin Church was clearly an epic and defining figure among the Hudson River School painters, particularly in his collaborative efforts in developing a sense of national identity for America, but also in fostering tourism through landscape painting, political influence, and entrepreneurialism. By answering the national call for artists and writers to define American landscape, Church took the first steps towards becoming, not only one of America’s greatest painters, but also a successful entrepreneur when it came to selling his own work to make a living. Church was dedicated to preserving “scientific accuracy” in his interpretations of nature and beauty, which were stimulated by the scientific writings of geographer and explorer Alexander von Humboldt.1
Two of America’s early tourist destinations in the nineteenth century were Niagara Falls and the Catskill Mountain area. This essay will mainly focus on Frederic Church’s personal contributions to the development of a national identity, and the tourism industry, in relation to these destinations in the midst of expansion throughout America. Through paintings and lithographic reproductions, the American and European public became increasingly aware of the magnificent beauty of America’s unique landscapes, along with the growing phenomenon of scenic touring.2
This essay will also compare the work of Thomas Moran, another Hudson River School artist working with the same subject matter, and will attempt to clarify the artist’s similarities and differences in regard to both technique and contributions. The work of Winslow Homer, a contemporary of Church, will be briefly discussed in relation to the impact the Civil War had on subject matter in relationship to nati...
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.... Wilmington, DE: SR, 2000. 27-41. Print.
Hults, Linda C. "Thomas Moran's "Shoshone Falls": A Western Niagara." American Art 3.1 (1989): 89. Print.
Vose, Marcia L. Forging a National Identity: 19th Century American Paintings. Boston, MA: Voss Galleries, 2012. Print.
One Long Argument: Charles Darwin and the Genesis or Modern Evolutionary Thought. Ernst Mayr. Harvard University Press, 1993.
Water-power at Niagara Falls to Be Successfully Utilized: Its Objects, Facilities and Resources, Inducements for Manufacturers, Etc. Buffalo: Matthews, Northrup, 1886. 5. Print.
The Origin of Species. Charles Darwin. Popular current edition. Bantam Classic, 1999.
Martin Johnson Heade papers, Series 1, circa 1853-1904
The North American Tourist. New-York: Published by A.T. Goodrich, 1839. Print.
Mitchell, W. J. T. Landscape and Power. Chicago: U of Chicago, 1994. Print.
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