Franz Kafka's Metamorphisis

Franz Kafka's Metamorphisis

Length: 958 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Gregor Samsa awakes one morning to discover that he has been transformed into a repugnant vermin. One may never know what initiated this makeover, but the simple truth is that Gregor is now a bug, and everyone must learn to live and move on in this strenuous situation. In Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis, the characters that interact with Gregor, including his mother, his father, and his sister Grete, must come to terms with his unfortunate metamorphosis, and each does so by reacting in a unique way. Gregor’s family members are constantly strained by this unusual event, and all three of them are pressed to their breaking point.
Gregor Samsa’s mother, whose name is never revealed, is a physically and constitutionally weak woman. She cares dearly for Gregor which is first shown by her distress as Gregor does not wake up at his usual time. It is evident that Gregor’s mother has the hardest time coping with his transformation. She can not bear to lay eyes upon Gregor. Though she has trouble adjusting, she doesn’t stop loving her only son. As Gregor’s mother and sister begin to move furniture out of his room, his mother stops to contemplate whether this is the right course of action. As Sheldon Goldfarb states in his critical essay, “When his mother and sister start removing his furniture, his mother's second thoughts provoke him to resist: he does not want to give up his human past and the possibility of returning to it” (Goldfarb). On the outside, Gregor’s mother reacts with repulsion at the sight of the bug, but on the inside still cares deeply about her son underneath. Gregor is able to see this and it gives him new hope.
Mr. Samsa, Gregor’s father, whose failed business has cast him into a lifestyle of weakness and despair, reacts very distinctively to the metamorphosis. At first, Mr. Samsa, after his initial shock, seems to be the least affected by Gregor’s nauseating state. It seems that Mr. Samsa feels that he must protect the rest of his family from this abomination living in his flat. Unlike his mother and sister, Gregor’s father no longer recognizes Gregor as his son. This is made clear when Mr. Samsa attacks Gregor by pelting him with apples; the catalyst that ultimately led to the death of Gregor.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Franz Kafka's Metamorphisis." 20 Jun 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Gregor Samsa's Isolation in The Metamorphisis by Franz Kafka Essay

- Franz Kafka uses his short story, “The Metamorphosis”, to portray the isolation associated with alienation from society, displayed by his character Gregor Samsa. The effects of isolation and alienation are utilized to demonstrate the necessity of interaction and social inclusion for all individuals. Alienation is the process in which someone becomes foreign to the world that they are living in. The relevance of alienation in society is represented through several pieces of modern literature such as the painting “Alienation Nightmare” by Sabu, the song “One” by Three Dog Night, and the film X-Men: The Last Stand....   [tags: society, alienation, insect]

Research Papers
620 words (1.8 pages)

Essay about Family Relations in The Metamorphisis

- Family Relations it The Metamorphisis In The Metamorphosis Gregors new state both scares and angers his father eventually resulting in Gregors death. Gregors father has been long free from working to support the family and this burden has now been restored by Gregors metamorphosis. Mr. Samsa’s dependency on Gregor is shown in his first appearance in the book were he immediately seems furious that gregor has so little as missed a train. In an incredible display of hypocrisy he says “ He’s not well, sir, believe me, what else would make him miss a train!” This shows the beginning of the end for Gregor....   [tags: essays papers]

Research Papers
498 words (1.4 pages)

The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka Essay

- Capitalistic Society and Alienation in The Metamorphosis The human psyche is a fragile and complicated entity. In the text, The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka introduces Gregor Samsa, a travelling salesman that wakes up to find himself turned into an insect. There are no rhetoric or complications with the assessment. There is never an explanation given as to why this transformation or metamorphosis has occurred. Thus, due to Samsa’s transformation, Gregor Samsa is continuously isolated from the rest of his family who in turn, isolate Samsa even more as time passes....   [tags: The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka, Capitalism]

Research Papers
1655 words (4.7 pages)

The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka Essay

- Waking up as a cockroach would be an unusual and frightening circumstance for most people. For Gregor Samsa, it was more of an inconvenience than something to be afraid of. Gregor Samsa is the protagonist of “The Metamorphosis”, which is a short story written by Franz Kafka, about a man who lived a bleak and depressing life. Franz Kafka was born in Prague, Czech Republic in 1883 to Jewish parents. In life, Kafka himself was depressed and he felt like he didn’t fit in. He was also a schizophrenic which may explain why he made his character wake up one morning as a giant cockroach....   [tags: The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka, Cockroach]

Research Papers
1859 words (5.3 pages)

Essay on The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka

- Self-sacrifice is one of the themes conveyed throughout the novella The Metamorphosis. Gregor Samsa seems to be a tragic protagonist, as he feels obliged to take care of the family, yet he is never appreciated. In The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka uses point of view, symbols, and plot to convey that without acknowledgements, self-sacrifice would ultimately lead to tragic self-destruction. The story develops through a third-person limited omniscient view, as readers are only able to understand it from the perspective of Gregor Samsa, who is the protagonist and the narrator of this work....   [tags: The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka, Narrator]

Research Papers
1410 words (4 pages)

The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka Essay

- In Franz Kafka 's novella The Metamorphosis many ideologies and personal family relations are examined and brought to light. These include views of existentialism and estrangement, both of which that are demonstrated by Gregor 's personality and his family members. Many of these elements are found in Gregor’s personal affairs, as well as how he goes about enduring his metamorphosis. The strife in which Gregor and his family share has a particular Id, Ego, and Super-Ego-like quality to it, which later blends into a theory discovered by Freud years later....   [tags: The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka, Psychoanalysis]

Research Papers
815 words (2.3 pages)

The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka Essay

- Do the physical and emotional changes of other people have effects on the people around them. If they do change, will everyone still view them as the same person. Unfortunately, most people in the world today do not accept change in others. Even though the looks of people change and at some moments in their life, their emotions change, they are still going be the same person. The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka is a prime example of how one person’s changes can have an effect on the people around him....   [tags: The Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka, Anxiety]

Research Papers
2462 words (7 pages)

Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis Essays

- The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka is a classic piece of literature. This masterpiece of stunning psychological, sociological and existential angst has blessed the minds of readers since it was written in 1912. It is the story of Gregor Samsa, a hardworking man trying to pay off the debt of his family, but transforms into a vermin, (bug). There are many parallels of Kafka’s life to Gregor’s in Metamorphosis. Both Kafka and Gregor were in family and social discord, and a bureaucracy of a work world....   [tags: Franz Kafka, The Metamorphosis]

Research Papers
1455 words (4.2 pages)

Analysis of Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis Essay

- Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis is so strikingly absurd that it has engendered countless essays dissecting every possible rational and irrational aspect of the book. One such essay is entitled "Kafka's Obscurity" by Ralph Freedman in which he delves down into the pages of The Metamorphosis and ferrets out the esoteric aspects of Kafka's writing. Freedman postulates that Gregor Samsa progresses through several transformations: a transformation of spatial relations, a transformation of time, and a transformation of self consciousness, with his conscious mutation having an antithetical effect on the family opposite to that of Gregor....   [tags: Franz Kafka, The Metamorphosis]

Research Papers
1748 words (5 pages)

Essay on Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis

- Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis The play metamorphosis was written by Franz Kafka but Steven Berkoff produced a theatre adaptation of Metamorphosis in the late 1960’s. Kafka was born 1883, his childhood was most troubling and life hard, as he was a Jew growing up in German culture, also being ignored and alienated is why Kafka could relate to the character Gregor. Kafka had a hard relationship with his Father who would mistreat him and often tell Kafka he was a failure and a disappointment, which came through on to the character of Gregor’s Father, another reason for Kafka to relate to Gregor....   [tags: Franz Kafka Metamorphosis]

Research Papers
792 words (2.3 pages)

Related Searches

Anger is not the only reaction that comes from Gregor’s father: Since Gregor can no longer work, Mr. Samsa is force to return to the working world. Though it appears a burden, this enables Gregor’s father to become the man he once was. Mr. Samsa is endowed with a “new sense of strength and purpose”, which allows him to fulfill pieces of his life that he had once lost (Klingenstein). This reaction is different from that of Mrs. Samsa, for he gains a sense of accomplishment, where as she only gains more stress. This metamorphosis that Mr. Samsa went through even caused Gregor to think, “was this really his father?” (Kafka 20). Each family member is left with more weight on their shoulders, but Gregor’s father is able to react in such a way that not all results are bad.
Perhaps the most explored family member, Gregor’s sister Grete is a young ambitious girl who copes with Gregor’s change in a curious manner. From the beginning, Grete assumes all responsibility for Gregor. She takes it upon herself to feed him, clean his room, and decipher his needs. Grete became very possessive and somewhat crazed about role as Gregor’s caretaker. She asserted that cleaning Gregor’s room was for “her and her alone”, and once after her mother had cleaned his room, she “broke into convulsive tears” (Kafka 24). When the financial situation forces Grete to get a job, she becomes a bit lax in her care for Gregor, which leaves him feeling depressed and angry. Unlike her mother, but like her father, Grete becomes a stronger individual over the course of the entire ordeal. Toward the end of their trial, Grete can no longer handle the stress and is strong enough to tell her parents that they must get rid of that creature who is no longer Gregor. When Gregor is finally dead, and they Samsa’s begin to move on, one can see that Grete has also gone through a metamorphosis. Through all of her trials and tribulations, Grete has “blossom[ed] into an attractive young woman ready to find a husband” (Heller). She takes time to manage the circumstances of Gregor and Grete’s reaction itself is a living transformation.
Gregor Samsa is transformed into a big bug and there is no reason why, and so one deals with it. Mr. Samsa, Mrs. Samsa, and Grete Samsa must also handle this situation, and each does so in their own, personal way. Gregor has accepted his metamorphosis and Kafka makes it apparent that the adjustment to the circumstances “must now come from Gregor’s family, not from Gregor” (Roy). Each family member adjusts a bit differently. One could say that by the time Gregor dies, each family member has gone through a metamorphosis of their own.

Works Cited
Goldfarb, Sheldon. “Critical Essay on “the Metamorphosis”” Galegroup12 (2001): 21.
Literature Resource Center. Council Rock High School North, Newtown. 18 Dec.
2007. Keyword: Franz Kafka
Heller, Erich. “Criticism by Erich Heller.” Galegroup (2003): 140. Student Resource
Center. Council Rock High School North, Newtown. 18 Dec. 2007.
Kafka, Franz. Metamorphosis. New York: Penguin Books, 2000.
Klingenstein, Susanne. “The Metamorphosis: Overview.” Galegroup (1994). Literature
Resource Center. Council Rock High School North. 18 Dec. 2007.
Mann, Klaus. “”Preface to Amerika”” Galegroup (1974): 133-139. Literature Resource
Center. Council Rock High School North, Newtown.
Roy, Grogor. "The Metamorphosis." 15 Nov. 1999. 18 Dec. 2007
Return to