“When Gregor Samsa woke one morning from troubled dreams, he found himself transformed right there in his bed into some sort of monstrous bug” (21). Franz Kafka’s “Metamorphosis” describes extensively the events of the story. However Gregor’s transformation occurs without any explanation. Gregor experiences the transformation because of the amount of stress that he endures due to his father’s debt.
The concept of debt, causes many issues for families. When Gregor’s father loses his job, it sends the family into debt. Gregor takes it upon himself to repay the family’s debts. Over time the family grows to expect that Gregor will pay the debt back, so they feel that they do not have to work. Being the only one to work puts a lot of stress on Gregor because he holds the family’s well-being in his hands: “Well, all hope is not yet lost, as soon as I’ve saved up enough money to pay back what my parents owe him – another five or six years ought to be enough.” (24). His family’s lack of motivation to help with the debt really takes its toll on him. Gregor starts to feel that he is alienated from his parents because their actions suggest that they only care about the money and not about him.
Since the family depends on Gregor to bring in the money, there is a pressure for him to stay employed. His job controls his life and does not allow him to have a meaningful existence. He works as a traveling salesmen selling things like fabrics. As a traveling salesmen, he can never make any real friends because he never stays in one place long enough. That lack of friendships leads him to just sit around in his house reading the newspaper or the train schedule. This lack of human contact leads Gregor to experience...
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...s Gregor to stress over whether or not helping his family was actually worth it. The way the family treats Gregor suggests that his family was only putting on a front to make it seem like they cared about him.
Gregor 's family had a big impact on his life because they took advantage of him to pay off the family 's debt. This would lead Gregor to absorb a lot of stress and end up feeling like a bug. Being exposed to that type of environment for a long period made Gregor feel isolated from his family and society. If the whole family would have worked to help pay off the family 's debt, Gregor 's transformation may not have happened. The information that Franz Kafka includes in the “Metamorphosis” gives a deeper understanding to the effects that stress had on Gregor. “Come have a look, it’s gone and croaked – just lying there, dead as a door- nail!” (111)
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