Franklin Delano Roosevelt And The New Deal Essay

Franklin Delano Roosevelt And The New Deal Essay

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It is hard to debate the wide-reaching impacts that Franklin Delano Roosevelt 's presidency had, and continues to have, on the American people. When the Great Depression hit, Roosevelt introduced the New Deal, a set of sweeping economic and social policy changes that expanded the federal government 's power and significantly affected how Americans live. His policies are credited with helping alleviate the stresses caused by the Great Depression and continue to affect Americans today—Social Security is an exemplary example. Many critics of Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) questioned the efficacy of his signature New Deal policies, criticizing his habit of centralizing executive power and condemning him for serving more than two terms as president. However, FDR 's efforts and accomplishments warranted an expansion of the executive branch; FDR used his presidential authority to life the United States out of depression, reform the nation 's banking and monetary systems, and create institutions that would give Americans social security. Ultimately, the reforms that FDR passed created a more stable economy and fair society that Americans continue to benefit from today.
The economic problems that culminated with the Great Depression can be traced to the 1920s, or the "Roaring Twenties." While the 1920s were "a time of sustained economic growth and social transformation," the finances of the United States were on, at best, shaky foundations. Propelled by an era of borrowing and credit, many Americans bought appliances, mortgages, and other goods and services without an income that could support their purchases. This caused the average household debt to increase dramatically. Meanwhile, agriculture in the United States was already facing ...


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...tice to the Supreme Court (up to a maximum of six) for every court member of the age of 70 years and 6 months. Thus began a firestorm about the overreaching power of the federal government and FDR 's "tyrannical" inclinations. The national dialogue on the "court-packing plan" was dominated by the opposing arguments of dictatorial tendency versus popular mandate. As time marched on, though, the American people increasingly saw FDR 's actions as treacherous. Ultimately, FDR 's plan to reform the Supreme Court failed. After the "court-packing plan" failed, though, the Supreme Court began to rule in favor of FDR 's New Deal. The failure of the "court-packing plan" ultimately helped FDR pass more legislation. However, it permanently damaged the public 's perception of him. Thus, many only consider the establishment of a cooperative Supreme Court a hollow victory for FDR.

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