1.1 Mentoring definition
Mentoring is the process of developing an individual or group, through guidance and giving advice. There is no age restriction between the mentee and mentor. The focus of the mentoring is not just to develop a particular area but to grow the individual or group as a whole. In essence the mentor keeps the big picture in mind through his/her mentoring. This can be specific to an industry, skills, experience but not limited to these particular factors.
1.2 Coaching definition
Coaching looks at improving the performance of an individual or group, through a process of setting particular goals and targets to reach in given time. The coaching relationship is very structured with desired outcomes contracted by the coach and the individual or group being coached.
2. Describe the differences and Similarities between Coaching and Mentoring
2.1 Differences between mentoring and coaching
There are overlapping similarities between coaching and mentoring, as well as clear differences between the two.
Table 1. Differences between Mentoring and Coaching
• Provides day-to-day skills to be used on the job. • Provides medium-to-long term skills development.
• Two parties are involved, i.e. the manager (coach) and employee. • Three parties involved, i.e. the manager, employee and mentor (third party).
• Maintained by performance appraisals. • Maintained by development agreements.
• Driven by individuals coaches. • Driven by a steering committee.
• Usually no policy framework for coaching. • Guided by policy framework.
• Relationships are formed due to supervisory role. • Relationships are formed via matching.
• Goals, objectives and tasks are normally not documented (i...
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