The Fragmented City Of America Essay

The Fragmented City Of America Essay

Length: 1291 words (3.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Lecture 5
The Fragmented City
Through most of the Latin American cities the traditional segregation between the rich and poor sectors of the society is weakening. New rich sections coming up in poor neighbourhoods may indicate that the texture of the built fabric is changing and that the rich and poor classes are assimilating. However, on taking a closer look, it becomes clear that the socio-spatial polarization is in fact becoming more conspicuous. The rich masses in the luxury enclosures hardly seem to take any notice of the social surroundings beyond their walled communities. They almost seem like islands of rich situated in oceans of the poor.
Contemporary Latin American cities abound with walls. Middle class neighbourhoods are walled off and even marginal quarters tend to construct fences. Walls and gates protect leisure clubs, shopping centres, office towers, business districts, industrial estates, and even some quite normal public streets. Polarization thus has been superseded by fragmentation, not only in the urban structure but also in the social fabric, the functional pattern, and the infrastructure of the agglomeration. Gated communities have also been established in very conservative regions like the Ecuadorian or Peruvian sierra, the extreme South of Chile, and the Yucatán peninsula, as well as in medium sized Brazilian towns (Lima Ramires/Ribeiro Soares 2002), in Rosario (Bragos/Mateos/Pontoni 2002) or in Puebla y Toluca (Rodríguez Chumillas/Mollá RuizGómez 2002).
The physical fragmentation processes have thus had a serious impact on the quality and the understanding of urban life. Inhabitants of gated communities change their lifestyle rapidly and the access-restricted areas accommodate their daily demands. Public s...

... middle of paper ... River, taking advantage of the booming New World trade of furs, lumber, and other goods. By the time the English conquered New Netherland in 1664, the towns of Nieuw Amsterdam, Breuckelen, Maspeth, Vlissingen, Gravesend, New Amersfoort, Midwout, Nieuw Utrecht, Hallett’s Cove, Boswijck, and Oude Dorp were all thriving and trading on Manhattan, Yorkshire (Long Island), and Staaten Eylandt (Staten Island). England renamed the colony New York, anglicized many of the towns’ names, and flooded them with throngs of English settlers. The Dutch briefly re-conquered the harbor in 1673, but returned it to England the following year in exchange for Run Island, a coveted link in the global nutmeg trading chain.

The five boroughs of New York City.

A Modern Metropolis: Manhattan center, Bronx bottom right, Queens bottom left, Brooklyn center left, New Jersey background.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Race And Socioeconomic Status Essay

- As metropolitan areas across the America have grown overtime, it has become the home of very diverse social and ethnic groups. However, when analyzing the communities that make up these metropolitan areas, most remain consistently homogeneous, particularly on the basis of race and socioeconomic status. The combinations of many of these segregated communities have created metropolitan areas that are socially, economically and politically fragmented. As a result, rather than metropolitan areas working together for the wellbeing of nuclear cities, select suburbs have flourished while main cities have become less prosperous....   [tags: Racial segregation, Racism, City, Sociology]

Better Essays
1229 words (3.5 pages)

Brazil, a Flourishing Country with Third-World Characterisitcs: On Hosting the 2014 World Cup and Olympic Summer Games of 2016

- Brazil is the largest country in South America and in Latin America, fifth largest in the world. It is one of the more diverse countries in the world, with different cultures and ethnicities. Brazil’s type of government is a Federal Republic. Brazil is on its way to growing out of its emerging market status and becoming one of the richest and most developed countries on earth. Brazil’s human, mineral, and agricultural resources are on par with those of the United States and Canada, and it has a few great opportunities to take advantage of in order to continue the growth it’s been experiencing over the past 20 years....   [tags: Development, Latin America, Crime]

Better Essays
757 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on Advantages And Disadvantages Of The Automobile

- Advantages and disadvantages of the automobile in the United States, Do you believe or disbelieve that Americans can shift back to public transportation. By Vincent S. Irizarry The car has been a symbol of the American mainstream culture since it’s prominent introduction to our society by Henry Ford with his mass-produced Model T, a car built for the masses. From the numerous countertops, hotels, and souvenir stands that dot the scenic landscape of Route 66 to cars speeding their way down the elevated West Side Highway the effects of the car culture although initially meant to be positive have come with more than monetary costs to our planet, and the United States with externalized costs fro...   [tags: United States, New York City, Automobile]

Better Essays
891 words (2.5 pages)

Contemporary Rural America Captured in Rip Van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow

- Contemporary Rural America Captured in Rip Van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow Most Americans probably believe our times are different from Washington Irving’s era. After all, almost 200 years have passed, and the differences in technology and civil liberties alone are huge. However, these dissimilarities seem merely surface ones. When reading “Rip Van Winkle” and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow,” I find that the world Irving creates in each story is very familiar to the one in which I grew up....   [tags: Legend Sleepy Hollow Essays]

Better Essays
1761 words (5 pages)

Relationship Fragmented QRS and Severity of Aortic Stenosis Essay

- Fragmented QRS (fQRS) is a relatively novel indicator of non-homogeneous ventricular activity caused by myocardial scar (1). Fragmented QRS is simply defined as additional spikes within QRS complexes, such as a RSR', without a typical bundle-branch block pattern (2). Previous studies revealed that fQRS is related with depolarization anomalies and fibrosis in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy (3-5). It was also associated with increased mortality and arrhythmic events in Brugada syndrome and arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (6-8)....   [tags: aortic stenosis, cardiology, heart failure]

Better Essays
1290 words (3.7 pages)

America 's New York City Essay example

- It is hard to pin point one important aspect from a diaspora community, but if you look at them individually you can learn so much. These diasporic community and even New York City as a whole have a sense of nationalism, “which are united people of similar language, religion, culture, and history,” (the year of revolution notes) who are proud of where they came from and who they represent now. New York City has always been increasingly growing to become a foreign city, and each year more and more foreigners claim that city to be their home....   [tags: New York City, Statue of Liberty, New York]

Better Essays
1718 words (4.9 pages)

Essay about The Country And Big City

- There are different types of areas that people consider when searching for a future home; two of these areas include the country and big cities. Which of the two would you prefer to live in. There are differences between the two areas that people recognize when choosing a place to live. In the country and big city, there are differences with the environment, privacy, and culture. The environment in the country is different compared to the environment in a big city. In the country there is a small population of people compared to cities....   [tags: New York City, City, Difference]

Better Essays
1135 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Analysis Of ' Open City '

- Teju Cole’s debut novel, Open City, depicts Julius’s peripatetic journeys in New York City, as well as abroad, whilst reflecting their connotations to his past. Cole utilizes his main character’s driving narration to explore urbanization and urbanism (2011). To distinguish, urbanization refers to the growth in population within city areas, and the way in which societies adapt from rural to urban areas, opposed to urbanism which defines the features of social interactions within these areas (Pugh, 1966)....   [tags: New York City, City, Urban area, Urbanization]

Better Essays
905 words (2.6 pages)

Essay about The Inner City Youth Of America

- The inner city youth of America is in trouble, experts estimate that every day thousands of teens in inner city areas are recruited to join neighborhood or city wide gangs. I am calling on the members of the Rich People of America to help resolve some of the main problems that involve teenage gang related activity. According to around eighty-five percent of male juveniles in detention facilities are there for gang related activities. Every day inner city teens face frequent harassment and pressure to join gangs, more pressure than ever seen before and as a result most will wind up succumbing due to fear for their lives or families....   [tags: Gang, Crime, Criminology, Mara Salvatrucha]

Better Essays
1624 words (4.6 pages)

History and Issues in Mexico City Essay

- Mexico City is the capital city of Mexico. Mexico City is very well known for being the longest continuously inhabited city in the Western Hemisphere, and it is also the largest and the oldest city in the Spanish America. The population of Mexico City is growing very quickly, for many reasons mainly the migration from the other parts of Mexico and another reason is that the birth rate is greater than the death rate. At a population of 21 million people, about one-fifth of the country's inhabitants, it is one of the most greatly populated cities in the world, and it is the worlds largest capital city....   [tags: Mexico City, geography, capitals,]

Better Essays
714 words (2 pages)