Of the varying types of mental retardations, my focus will be the fragile X syndrome. The fragile X syndrome is a common form of mental retardation. This syndrome is known as the X syndrome due to the site of the mutated gene, which is located on chromosome Xq27.3. According to many sources, the mutated gene in the fragile X syndrome is widely to carry the name of the FMR1 gene. As stated in “The Metabolic and Molecular B...
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...ments in cognition, language and behavior in half if not most of the individuals as judged by their parents or surroundings. Although not one study or medicine shows exactly a cure, my knowledge of the studies I was enlightened by, provide a gateway of information to come up with and find a pathway that will increasing get rid of fragile X syndrome.
In conclusion, mutations of a small physiological substrate, gene, code or whatever it may be can alter a greater function. In the case of fragile X syndrome, repetition of the same codon can definitely have a big impact on the genotype and phenotype of an individual. A mutation especially, is more likely to have the smallest affect if not a large one on an individual cause of the shift that it causes with the “original code”. But this is one of many mutations and more generally syndromes, others may be worse or better.
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