Hydraulic fracturing — better known as fracking — is the process of drilling a high pressure mix of sand, chemicals, and water to crack bedrock beneath the Earth’s surface to release and extract natural gas. Essentially, there is a lot of natural gas trapped in rocks, and fracking allows drillers to release the gas.
B. Thesis Statement
Because of a thousand-fold increase in earthquakes in Oklahoma (a place where fracking is prevalent) and studies that have questioned its effects on the environment, a conversation has risen in American public discourse about if fracking should be allowed or not.
The two sides of this controversy are those who say fracking should be banned and those who think fracking is essential. The two sides both ask the questions: is fracking too dangerous to keep implementing, is fracking bad for the environment, and is fracking too important in extracting every day commodities like gas to be banned.
A. The first argument for banning fracking is that it is dangerous for the people and communities near fracking sites. According to Michael Vines of the New York Times, Oklahoma and Kansas have experienced more earthquakes in the past few years than ever before. Those against fracking see this uptick in earthquakes as too dangerous a result of fracking and thus they want it banned. Those in favor of allowing fracking say that fracking is not to blame per se. In an article on NewsOK.com, proponent of fracking, Professor Cliff Frolich said, “When the rare quakes do occur, they 're typically linked to the disposal of drilling fluids in underground injection wells.” In other words, proponents of fracking are saying that it isn 't the fracking itself that causes the quakes. ...
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...er forms of energy like coal because the leakage of natural gas actually puts half the amount of CO2 in the air than coal. Finally, pro-frackers think are economy and energy sector is already too entangled and banning fracking will have very bad adverse effects. On the opposite side, those who want to ban fracking say that weening off of fracking and moving to green energy will be best for the planet and the economy.
Lasting impression: The fracking debate may seem like a boring one, but I assure you it is important. One day fracking might be allowed in our area, and we experience an extreme increase in earthquakes like never before. on the other hand, one day fracking may be banned and some of us may be out of a job or gas shoots up to 10 dollars a gallon. As you can see, the controversy around banning fracking is extremely important and can effect us all one day.
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