The Court dispatched with Schmerber’s Sixth Amendment right-to-counsel claim, and Fourteenth Amendment due-process claims quickly, but examined his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination and Fourth Amendment claims much more closely. Schmerber’s argument that his right to...
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...dence at trial, and was subsequently used to convict Robinson of possession of heroin, and facilitation of concealment of heroin. At issue was the fact that at no point did the arresting officer have any fear or apprehension that Robinson was armed or dangerous: the search was entirely motivated by the potential for the preservation of evidence. Based on this reasoning, the Court of Appeals excluded the heroin, and held that the search was unreasonable. The Supreme Court reversed, and contrary to the language in Chimel, held that the preservation of evidence was just as important a justification for the search incident-to-arrest exception as officer safety is. The Court also held, for the first time explicitly, that a search incident-to-arrest is categorically reasonable, and requires no justification beyond the probable cause that is required for a legal arrest.
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