The Fourteenth Amendment Under The Constitution Essay

The Fourteenth Amendment Under The Constitution Essay

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Everyone accused of a crime is legally presumed to be innocent until they are convicted, either by being proved guilty at a trial or pleading guilty before trial. Defendants in criminal cases have rights under the U.S. Constitution regarding due process and fairness because a trial searches the facts for the truth in order to render justice. The 14th Amendment under the Constitution gives rights to all persons born or naturalized in the United States, whom are citizens of the United States, and shall not be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor be denied equal protection of the laws. The 5th Amendment under the Constitution gives rights so that no person shall be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy, to be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law. The 6th Amendment under the Constitution gives rights to a public trial without unnecessary delay, to a lawyer for their defense, to know the nature of the accusation, to be confronted with the witnesses against them, and to be able to obtain witnesses in their favor. Most importantly is the right to an impartial jury of their peers, that hears the evidence, and decides their guilt or innocence.
After an arrest, the police officer writes a report summarizing the events leading up to the arrest or citation and provides witnesses’ names and other relevant information. The report is turned into the District Attorney’s office where it is decided whether to file charges, if so what charges to file, and files the charges within 48 hours of the arrest when the defendant is in custody. Then the defendant appears in court for the first time where ...


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... after question about what the depiction of the pictures was and what was stated during the interview with the plaintiff. The only real people that speak during a trial is, of course the witness, but the prosecutor, the defense attorney and the judge. Everyone else is there just to listen and be witness to the events of the trial. I also learned and experienced the type of language communicated during a trial. Lawyers speak in a specific way and use certain terms, and I believe this is to keep everything straight forward and yes repetitive. When you use repetitive words, they tend to stick in your mind, especially the jury’s mind, in order argue their point of either innocence or guilt of the defendant(s). In this case, I witnessed the presentation of evidence from the prosecution side to argue that the defendants were guilty of assault and battery of the plaintiff.

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