Essay on The Four Theories Of State Societal Relation

Essay on The Four Theories Of State Societal Relation

Length: 909 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The four theories of state-societal relation (stated above) all have their strengths and weaknesses. However, the most convincing of all four is, in my opinion, Elitism. This is because Elitism offers the most persuasive arguments in which it appears to be the utmost representative of current state-societal relations. This is not to say that other theories (such as Marxism) do not have their merits, because they do. Nonetheless, in my perspective the general ideas portrayed within Elitism hold more credibility than Pluralism, Marxism, and Market Liberalism.
Although Pluralism can be split into normative and explanatory, authors generally tend to mesh the two together. Therefore the broad definition of Pluralism focuses upon a few key features such as; federalism, separation of government branches (judiciary, executive, and legislature), and individual rights. Initially, this theory of state-societal relations appears quite appealing. However, in realistic terms, this system can and has led to ‘a shambles of corruption’ due to the fact it allows for parochialism and sectionalism. In addition, it’s supposed positive of allowing all people to have a voice via interest groups does not take into account a groups resources which in turn allows for it to lobby to a greater extent. Elitism on the contrary dismisses Pluralism as utopian. This is because the society is seen as being influenced by those at the top, with the masses generally ignored. An example of this is the Iraq War whereby over a million protested yet they were simply ignored. All the supposed power of interest groups in representing the public were merely dismissed. The supposed successes of Pluralism as a result can therefore be attributed to the elites within society ...

... middle of paper ...

...rengths and their weaknesses; some more so than others. However, it is noticeable that Elitism has this less so than others. Nevertheless, criticisms do exist; my view contrasts the view of classical Elitism’s whereby they believe the elites should rule. Instead, the ideas of Hunter and Mills (the radicals) should be given more weight. This is the view that elite theories provide an accurate image of power structures within society but they do not agree with the prelevance of elite rule .
In conclusion, it is impossible to entirely agree with one of the theories. Instead, a combination of the two should be looked upon; the two should be Marxism and Elitism. However, other than a few criticisms, Elitism appears to be the most convincing as it provides a rather accurate perception of the structures within the state and within its subsequent relation to the society.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Theory Of State Societal Relations

- Which theory of state-societal relations covered on this module do you find most convincing and why. The most convincing theory of state-societal relations is pluralism as it is the most liberal of the four classical theories. Pluralism can be described as a system in which power is distributed amongst interest groups and is not held solely in the hands of a political elite. It portrays a system in which any individual can become involved in politics through interest groups which can acquire genuine power due to the limitation of state sovereignty, and this allows liberty to be conserved....   [tags: Political philosophy, Government, Democracy]

Better Essays
1168 words (3.3 pages)

The Press' Social and Political Role in Siebert, Peterson, and Schramm’s Four Theories of the Press

- Siebert, Peterson, and Schramm’s “Four Theories of the Press” argue that “the press always takes on the form and coloration of the social and political structures within which it operates” (p. 1). The book supports this argument by discussing authoritarian, libertarian, social responsibility, and Soviet-totalitarian theories of the press. The authoritarian theory of the press developed in 16th and 17th century England. England lived under a monarchy and the people were never to question the monarchy’s right to rule....   [tags: authoritarian, libertarian, soviet-totalitarian]

Better Essays
750 words (2.1 pages)

Classroom Behavior and Management Theories Essay

- Introduction I have chosen to research the classroom behavior and management theories of Judicious Discipline and Love and Logic: Taking Control of the Classroom,. I will attempt to summarize, in some detail, the authors’ findings and compare and contrast their main points. I will discuss how these two models influence and agree with, or contradict my own behavior management beliefs. Furthermore, I address how these strategies can be used in the classroom and offer my suggestions on the usefulness or uselessness of these theories regarding my own personal philosophy of classroom and behavior management....   [tags: Education, teaching, discipline]

Better Essays
2742 words (7.8 pages)

The family is the biggest piece of the pie Essay

- The key writers of social control theories were influenced by the mid 19th century conservative ideals, in which people were adhering to the unchanging state of affairs. Social control theorist viewed crime as normal behaviour that resulted from "the absence of effective beliefs that forbid delinquency" (Jones, 2009, p. 228). Rather than questioning why humans deviated and became criminals, social control theorist wondered why most people conformed and did not engage in criminal activity. With elements from several theories, including anomie, social disorganization and differential association, criminologist have argued that social control theory is not new (William & McShane, 2010, p....   [tags: Social Control Theories]

Better Essays
1428 words (4.1 pages)

Relating the Story of Two Ottawa Valley Teens in Conflict with the Law to Different Sociological Theories

- Youth crime has been a topic of major debate dating back to the 19th century. Laws have been continuously written to fit what society feels is th best way to handle youth in conflict with the law. What people sometimes fail to see is the true cause of there delinquent actions these teens commit these crimesthe focus of this essay is to relate the story of two Ottawa valley teens in conflict with the law to different sociological theories. First I will give a brief summary of the article and then connect it with theories such as cultural conflict, control theory, strain and labelling theory....   [tags: social theory]

Better Essays
1283 words (3.7 pages)

Dr. Katharine Kolcaba and Jean Watson’s Theories on Personal Nursing Philosophy

- The purpose of this paper is to define, describe, and explain the thoughts, feelings and beliefs of the author in regard to the philosophy of nursing practice. Philosophy is the study of ideas about knowledge, truth, nature, and meaning of a subject Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, (n.d.). I will address the four concepts of the nursing metaparadigm and the relationships of each as they guide my practice as a nurse. This concept synthesis paper will address the personal nursing autobiography, two practice specific concepts, and a list of propositions and assumption statements that clearly connect the described concepts....   [tags: nurse practitioner, holistic approach, ]

Better Essays
1519 words (4.3 pages)

The Four Theories of Presidential Power Essay

- There are four theories of presidential power. Each of the four theories describes the nature and scope of presidential power in a different view. Constitutional Theory: Holds that Article II of the constitution contains a record of executive powers and the president must be prepared at all times to justify his or her actions either on the basis of the record of the powers contained in Article II or on implied powers (Mason & Stephenson, 2012). Stewardship Theory: Implies that the president is a “steward of the people” and is deemed responsible to do anything that the needs of the nation deem necessary unless it is in violation of the constitution (Mason & Stephenson, 2012)....   [tags: control, war, inherent]

Better Essays
826 words (2.4 pages)

Democracy: The Four Theories (Systems) of Press Essay

- One must first understand what a democratic system is, and its importance on journalism. According to Lyman Tower Sargent, the seven types of liberty that compose a democratic ideology are: The right to vote. Freedom of speech. Freedom of the press. Freedom of assembly. Freedom of religion. Freedom of movement. Freedom from arbitrary treatment by the political and legal system. While all of the above liberties are vital to a democratic society, those most important to journalism are freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and the freedom to assembly....   [tags: freedom of speech, polical system]

Better Essays
1347 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on Theories on the Origin of the State

- Introduction The State is a relatively recent phenomenon in human history, emerging somewhere between 6000-3500 B.C. (Ember, Ember, Peregrine, 2005.) Thus a critical issue for anthropology must be: what is the state and why and how did it appear. The most widely accepted definition of the state is an organization which attempts to maintain a monopoly on the use of force and violence in a given territorial area (Rothbard, 2009, p. 11). These powers include the ability to collect taxes, draft men for work or war, and direct and enforce laws (Carneiro, 1970)....   [tags: Anthropology ]

Better Essays
1916 words (5.5 pages)

Are Organisational Behavioural Theories Relevant in Todays Business World?

- Part A Are Organisational behavioural theories relevant in todays business world. Organisational theory is the sociological study of systematic societal organisations, for instance businesses and bureaucracies, also focusing on the relationship they have with the environment in which they function. Over the years organisations have adopted these theories in forming and dictating how they run and operate. No single theory is conclusive to all organisations as every organisation is different and has different needs in which to operate....   [tags: sociological study, systematic societal]

Better Essays
1096 words (3.1 pages)