Essay on Four Socioeconomic Determinants of Health

Essay on Four Socioeconomic Determinants of Health

Length: 1818 words (5.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Substantial evidence is increasing, giving the Minister of Health more reason to believe housing, income, employment and education, abbreviated as the socioeconomic determinants of health, are to some degree responsible for poor health and inequalities (Public Health Advisory Committee PHAC, 2004). The purpose of this assignment is to discuss these four determinants and how they impact health from the Public Health Advisory Committee’s perspective. Employment and housing will be discussed in further detail as well as government policies, strategies or legislations will be included. To conclude this assignment a brief reflection will be made as to why understanding the socioeconomic determinants have a connection with providing quality nursing care.

Housing; “involves both a side (dwelling) and a situation (neighbourhood)” (National Advisory Committee on Health and Disability NHC, 1998, p. 30). Housing is a key aspect towards poverty, in turn has a connection with inadequate health (PHAC, 2004). This relates strongly with quality of housing. People live in properties that are cold and damp which are not insulated. Therefore, these factors promote susceptibility to disease, particularly in younger children (PHAC, 2004). Another contributing factor is that majority of household income is spent on rent or mortgages which could leave many families with less funds to spend on essential items or in some cases resort to overcrowding or ‘temporary accommodation’ such as garages or caravans (PHAC, 2004).

Income is defined as “money received, especially periodically, from work or investments” (Swannell, 1986, p. 272). As outlined by PHAC (2004), income is “the strongest predictor in health” (p. 20). Statistical evidence s...

... middle of paper ... public services. Retrieved from

National Advisory Committee on Health and Disability. (1998). The social, cultural and economic determinants of health in New Zealand: Action to improve health. Wellington, New Zealand: National Advisory Committee on Health and Disability.

Swannell, J. (Ed.). (1986). The little oxford dictionary of current English (6th ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

The Public Health Advisory Committee. (2004). The health of people and communities. A way forward: Public policy and the economic determinants of health. Wellington, New Zealand: The Public Health Advisory Committee.

Unitec. (2012). HEAL5020: The Sociological Perspective: Society Groups Individuals. Auckland, NZ: Mullard, T.

Unitec. (2012). HEAL5020: Work and Economic Life. Auckland, NZ: Mullard, T.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Northern Canadian Health Policies Essay

- Introduction By examining the health policy and politics in Canada’s northern region from a historical perspective we see we see ever changing policies that reflect changing values. The determents of health are used as an analytical tool to tease out the failings of the intergovernmental approaches of the Canadian government towards First Nations and Inuit, in particular the Homelessness. The Homelessness is used for two reasons. The first being that Homelessness presents numerous health problems and the overcrowding associated may have contributed to the near problems of tuberculosis associated among First Nations and Inuit Communities....   [tags: homelessness, social determinants of health]

Term Papers
2775 words (7.9 pages)

Health and Its Determinants: A Case Study Essay

- Health is dynamic and determined by the determinants of health that have factors that can both benefit and hinder our overall health (Liamputtong, Fanany, & Verrinder, 2012, p. 9). The primary health care (PHC) principles accessibility, inter-sectorial collaboration, appropriate technology, emphasis on health promotion and public participation helps all individuals at different social standings based on income levels and geographical location determined by the social determinants of health to access PHC and make an equitable health care system (McMurray & Clendon, 2011, pp....   [tags: health care, social determinants]

Term Papers
979 words (2.8 pages)

A Social Ecological Approach to Rising Levels of Overweight and Obesity in Children and Adolescents in the United States

- Childhood onset overweight and obesity and its’ associated health consequences are quickly becoming major significant public health issues facing America today. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) define overweight as a body mass index (BMI) between the 85th and 95th percentile while obese is defined as BMI above the 95th percentile for children of the same age and sex . The prevalence of overweight children, defined based on 2009 CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics data, has more than tripled in the past 30 years....   [tags: Health]

Term Papers
2208 words (6.3 pages)

Socioeconomic Inequalties in Health in the UK Essay

- Humans are mortal beings, therefore with life comes death; this is a certainty. What is not so certain is the quality of life which one will lead thereto; and the variances they will face in life which will underwrite a person’s health. Health, which can be measured, regulates the quality and longevity of people’s lives. People have long since philosophised that it is “luck of the draw” as to who are inflicted with illness or disease. In fact, through research and consensus reports, analysis has concluded that social, economic and environmental influences are contributing factors....   [tags: Socioeconomic Disparities]

Term Papers
1377 words (3.9 pages)

Socioeconomic Factors and the Health of Individuals Essay

- Introduction Socio-economic class or socio-economic status (SES) may refer to mixture of various factors such as poverty, occupation and environment. It is a way of measuring the standard and quality of life of individuals and families in society using social and economic factors that affect health and wellbeing ( Giddens and Sutton, 2013). Cockerham (2007 p75) argues: ‘Social class or socioeconomic status (SES) is the strongest predictor of health, disease causation and longevity in medical sociology.’ Research in the 1990s, (Drever and Whitehead, 1997) found out that people in higher SES are generally healthier, and live longer than those in lower SES....   [tags: Inequalities in Health]

Term Papers
1304 words (3.7 pages)

Essay about Socioeconomic Disparities In Adolescent Health

- This essay looks into factors at a social level that determine how injuries are distributed between advantaged and disadvantaged socioeconomic groups. It then discusses the way in which social demographics can influence health outcomes of children and adolescents. Moreover, how access to healthy food and nutrition can affect the health of a child’s development starting in-utero. It will then discuss the effect of poor living conditions and poor parenting in the child’s journey to adulthood. This is followed by a link to a video regarding the risky YouTube trend called choking and how it relates to the cognitive and physical development of the adolescent concluding with how the community coul...   [tags: Public Health Essays]

Term Papers
1247 words (3.6 pages)

Social Determinants of Interpersonal Violence and Health Essay

- Ans-1 Social determinants of interpersonal violence Relatively high rates of violence have been reported over the years among members of certain ethnic and racial groups and urban inhabitants. African Americans and Native Americans have comparatively high rates of assaultive interpersonal violence and homicide. Big cities continue to experience high rates of violence, focussed mainly among young black males in the United States. Immigrant groups, especially second and third generations, have higher rates of delinquency and violence than the more privileged and settled ethnic groups that moved earlier to the US....   [tags: health, violence, racial, gender]

Term Papers
1826 words (5.2 pages)

Obesity and Social Determinants of Health Essay

- Obesity and social determinants of health Overweight and obesity problem is becoming more and more serious in Australia. Not only Australians but also the world’s problem obesity is studied as one of the main causes of chronic diseases such as coronary heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, and some cancers and sleep apnoea as well as other serious conditions, which put national economies and individual lives at risk. Obesity is also regarded as epidemic. Obesity is caused by a calorific imbalance between diet intake and consumed calories....   [tags: overweight, unhelathy eating habits]

Term Papers
1327 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on Social Determinants of Health in Aborigines

- Aboriginal health is majorly determined by several social factors that are related to their cultural beliefs. Health professionals regularly find it difficult to provide health care to aboriginal people due to the cultural disparity that exists between the conventional and aboriginal cultures, predominantly with regard to systems of health belief (Carson, Dunbar, & Chenhall, 2007). The discrepancy between the aboriginal culture and typical Western customs seems to amplify the difficulties experienced in every cross-cultural setting of health service delivery (Selin & Shapiro, 2003)....   [tags: Australia, sociology, beliefs]

Term Papers
1814 words (5.2 pages)

The Impact of Determinants of Health Essay

- For the purpose of this paper, a 43 year-old female of Aboriginal decent, who is originally from Saskatoon, was interviewed. For confidentiality reasons, the patient will be referred to as A.B. This paper will discuss the admitting diagnosis of A.B., the determinants of health with a focus on income and social status, as well as a reflection on nursing practice. A.B. sought health care after two weeks of experiencing of fever, chills, coughing, and black tarry stool. The admitting diagnosis was pneumonia and upper gastrointestinal bleed (UGIB)....   [tags: cirrhosis, pneumonia, ugib, nursing]

Term Papers
889 words (2.5 pages)