As an anthropologist, Anderson pursues a theoretical approach and holds a macro level theory of nationalism. By using his grand theory of nations, Anderson defines nation and nationalism as imaginary concepts that are simply created by the people for their own purposes; he believes that definition of nationalism is deficient and never fully evaluated. He formulates a definition of nationalism ...
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...By defining four different definitions of nationalism and focusing on Europe, Sugar has a reasonable argument. Anderson`s definition of nationalism, however, cannot be applied to all nationalistic movements in any region and time period, as he claims and therefore is contradictory. This can also be proved by referring to primary documents, which are direct sources from 19th century. In primary documents, only Mazzini`s universal definition of nationalism comes close to Anderson`s view of nationalism. However, unlike Mazzini, Anderson does not believe in creation of national states and sees them simply as imaginary concepts that are created by the people. Anderson`s definition of nationalism won`t be able to offer a solution instability in 19th century Europe, in which many people from different ethnicities wanted European map to be redrawn and setup their own nations.
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