These assumptions are natural laws; mankind can achieve perfection; nursing is a calling; nursing is an art and a science; nursing is achieved through environmental alteration; nursing requires a specific educational base; and nursing is distinct and separate from medicine. (Karim, 2015, p. 225)
The essence of the theory is a “healthy environment promotes patient recovery” (Asif Jetha, 2014, p. 32). Nightingale largely focused on the patient and modifying the patient-care environment. Figure 1 identifies her canons of her Environmental theory (Nurselabs, 2016).
Accordingly, if nurses alter the environment based on these concepts, they can help restore or bring the patient into recovery.
In addition to the environment and the delivery of patient care, Nightingale advocated nursing as an essential component of healthcare. She established formal training for nurses. She was also able to glean statistical evidence collected from patient records to support her ideas. Furthermore, she was sought out to assist with hospital design and management. Nightingale demonstrated strong and visionary leadership to accomplish the foundation of nursing.
The Nightingale Environmental theory is instrumental in implementing successful change in current nursing practice and around the globe. The influence of Nightingale’s vision is thriving in the 21st century. Her legacy inspired the foundation of nurs...
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... poorer levels of recruitment and retention.
The Nightingale Environmental theory, although established in 1890, has paralleled the bio-psycho-social and economic changes facing healthcare today. This theory provides nurses with the concept that physical aspects of the nurse’s workplace significantly impacts their ability to perform their job and effects patient care outcomes. Performing their job safely requires nurses to speak up, use their experience and problem-solving skills to improve the work environment. The proposed intervention, influenced by the teachings and writings of Florence Nightingale, is to develop a type of training program which provides nursing personnel with an opportunity to provide and learn useful and applicable protection in their work environment in the reduction of musculoskeletal work related disorders and its psychological consequences.
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