The Formula Of Universal Law Essay

The Formula Of Universal Law Essay

Length: 1212 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Kent Emanuel considers the Categorical Imperative as the central principle of his ethical theory. He claims that some human actions such as stealing, cheating, and lying are usually immoral and are not right things to do, despite their good outcomes. Based on the Categorical Imperative, he has formulated several principles including the Formula of Universal Law (FUL). The Formula of Universal Law (FUL) is Kant 's first formulation of the Categorical Imperative, which states “Act as if the maxim of your action were to become by your will a universal law of nature” (G, 4:421/31). In The Formula of Universal Law (FUL), Immanuel Kent introduces a philosophical term such as “Maxim” and “Will”. It is very important to understand these terms in order to comprehend the concept of FUL to a greater extent. In general speaking, humans are considered as a rational being among all the organisms. However, while performing their duties, most individual tends to maximize the benefits of their actions rather than observing whether their actions are rational or not. Overall, people usually make their decisions based on the standards that will give them the best outcome. Thus, Kent considered “Maxim” as the principle on the basis of which Human beings make their decisions. For instance, doctors save the lives of the patients with their treatments. Each doctor might have a different maxim in using their expertise for the treatment of the patient. For example, some doctors might think their duty is prestigious, other might consider it as a good source of income, and some other might consider doing it for the sake of humanity.
Kent’s Formula of Universal Law encourages every individual to act in accordance with a maxim that has a high moral value, suc...

... middle of paper ...

...y significance we are morally obligated to do it.
In conclusion, the Formula of Universal Law has a close connection to Singer’s argument. Considering Singer’s first principle it demonstrates that whether an individual should help those dying victims is irrespective of how close one is to those victims, unless it makes helping them more difficult, as the distance from one does nothing to reduce their grief. Moreover, Singer’s concluded that an individual’s obligation to help the dying victims doesn’t go away if those people who have potential to help are doing nothing, because morally the presence of the people who can do nothing is, similar to the absence of people who would do something. Thus, this example justifies the FUL which requires people to act on a maxim that follows the moral principle and good will so as to be considered as a universal law of nature.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Universal Law Formula of the Categorical Imperative Essay

- ... Since everyone is lying to get what they want, communication becomes unreliable because people will no longer believe one another. In order for the man to deceive someone and get what he wants, the one he is deceiving must assume that he is telling the truth. However, the man is willing a world where it is impossible to deceive anyone, and therefore, deception cannot get the man what he wants. This is an example of a contradiction in conception. The maxim of deceiving others to get what one wants cannot be acted upon successfully when the maxim is universalized....   [tags: contradiction in conception, maxim]

Better Essays
1053 words (3 pages)

Essay on Sir Isaac Newton's Law Of Universal Gravitation

- Gravity if one of the four fundamental forces in the universe. Though the fundamental principles of it eluded scientists until Sir Isaac Newton was able to mathematically describe it in 1687 (Eddington 93). Gravity plays a serious part in everyday actions as it keeps everything on the ground; without gravity everything would be immobile unless a force was applied (then it would move infinitely because there would be no force to stop it). Perhaps, the best place to start then would be with such a simple item as an apple (after all it is what "sparked" Newton's creativity)....   [tags: Law of Universal Gravitation Essays]

Better Essays
1214 words (3.5 pages)

The Law of Universal Gravitation by Isaac Newton Essay example

- Before the Early Modern Period, the system of the universe often eluded people of earth. Early scientists and philosophers like Aristarchus of Samos, and Ptolemy formed hypotheses that touched the surface the universe’s complex functions, but did not full reveal the mysteries the heavens hold. However, when mathematician and physicist, Sir Isaac Newton proposed his law of universal gravitation, numerous doors to the understanding of the world began to open. Newton’s law is represented as F = (G m1m2) / r^2, where F is the attractive force, G is the gravitational constant, m1 is the first mass, m2 the second mass, and r is the distance between the center of the masses....   [tags: modern period, universe, eath]

Better Essays
553 words (1.6 pages)

Kant's Categorical Imperative in Grounding for the Metephysics of Morals

- In Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant first introduces his concept of the categorical imperative (CI) as an unconditional moral law. In this paper I will argue that Kant’s categorical imperative succeeds in proving that lying and murder are immoral. First, I will explain moral law and the categorical imperative, and then I will outline Kant’s Formula of Universal Law. Finally, I will evaluate two maxims to determine if the violate the categorical imperative. First, I will address what Kant means by moral law when referring to the categorical imperative....   [tags: contradiction, universal, law]

Better Essays
1184 words (3.4 pages)

Kant's Humanity Formula Essay

- Kant's Humanity Formula      “Few formulas in philosophy have been so widely accepted and variously interpreted as Kant’s injunction to treat humanity as an end in itself”(Hill, 38). Immanuel Kant’s views, as elucidated in his book, Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, are based on the belief that “people count” by prohibiting actions which exploit other individuals in order for self-prosperity or altruistic ends. Ethics then, are confirmed by the dignity and worth of the rational agency of each person....   [tags: Kant Philosophy Philosophical Essays]

Better Essays
1637 words (4.7 pages)

Immanuel Kant Essay

- Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was one of the most influential philosophers in the history of Western philosophy. He was a professor of philosophy at Konigsberg, in Prussia, researching, lecturing and writing on philosophy during and at the end of the 18th Century Enlightenment. His contributions to metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and aesthetics have had a profound impact on almost every philosophical movement that followed him. This essay will attempt to explain what Kant means by Maxim and Universal Law, and whether his argument is affordable in the 21st century....   [tags: Philosopher, Maxim, Universal Law]

Better Essays
898 words (2.6 pages)

Moral Law And Duty Ethics Essay

- Immanuel Kant, Kantian deontology, is considered a fundamental figure of modern philosophy. Of his many principles, one of the most interesting by far is that of his take on moral law and duty ethics. It is Kant’s belief that an act of duty does not stem from personal ideals, but that it should come from respect for the moral law. There is no place for personal beliefs in these values. As will later be discussed in detail, Martin, Meaningful Work, disagrees with this opinion; Martin believes personal ideals and morals play a large role....   [tags: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics]

Better Essays
1783 words (5.1 pages)

Nietzsche And Immanuel Kant 's Philosophy Of Moral Law Essay

- Between philosophers Nietzsche and Immanuel Kant, we can conclude that Nietzsche has different views in which a man lives his life. According to Kant, we as human beings must act and live according the moral law. However, in regards to Nietzsche, he rejects the notion that there is a moral code for everyone and insists that each individual is able to see that there is no objective morality. Nietzsche’s greatest criticism of Kant’s philosophy of moral law, stems from his emphasis and use of the idea of the “overman”, which forms his opinion on liberal democracy (Hamilton-Bleakley)....   [tags: Immanuel Kant, Morality, Friedrich Nietzsche]

Better Essays
1212 words (3.5 pages)

Essay about The Intentions and Consequences of an Action

- I. Kant and the Categorical Imperative: It is generally understood that society would tear itself apart if people suddenly stopped following a few fundamental laws; such as, crimes that deal with arson, theft, and murder. In addition to these basic guidelines, most people tend to follow a simple set of moral ‘rules.’ Now, these rules basically involve things like respect, honour, and dignity considering society is not only filled with law-abiding citizens, but also people who want to live a good, honest life....   [tags: law, moral. society, crimes]

Better Essays
1104 words (3.2 pages)

Kant’s Formula of the End in Itself Essay

- Kant’s Formula of the End in Itself ABSTRACT: Is Kant’s "Formula of the End in Itself" overly demanding. In addressing this question, I sketch a conception of co-obligation, that is, a sort of moral requirement that holds, not of persons distributively, but of persons collectively. I then raise a problem of devolution: How does a co-obligation for all persons devolve upon me. For instance, given that we must maximize happiness, it does not seem to follow that I must always act so as to maximize happiness....   [tags: Ethics Kant Formula End Itself Essays]

Free Essays
2932 words (8.4 pages)