The Formula Of Universal Law Essay

The Formula Of Universal Law Essay

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Kent Emanuel considers the Categorical Imperative as the central principle of his ethical theory. He claims that some human actions such as stealing, cheating, and lying are usually immoral and are not right things to do, despite their good outcomes. Based on the Categorical Imperative, he has formulated several principles including the Formula of Universal Law (FUL). The Formula of Universal Law (FUL) is Kant 's first formulation of the Categorical Imperative, which states “Act as if the maxim of your action were to become by your will a universal law of nature” (G, 4:421/31). In The Formula of Universal Law (FUL), Immanuel Kent introduces a philosophical term such as “Maxim” and “Will”. It is very important to understand these terms in order to comprehend the concept of FUL to a greater extent. In general speaking, humans are considered as a rational being among all the organisms. However, while performing their duties, most individual tends to maximize the benefits of their actions rather than observing whether their actions are rational or not. Overall, people usually make their decisions based on the standards that will give them the best outcome. Thus, Kent considered “Maxim” as the principle on the basis of which Human beings make their decisions. For instance, doctors save the lives of the patients with their treatments. Each doctor might have a different maxim in using their expertise for the treatment of the patient. For example, some doctors might think their duty is prestigious, other might consider it as a good source of income, and some other might consider doing it for the sake of humanity.
Kent’s Formula of Universal Law encourages every individual to act in accordance with a maxim that has a high moral value, suc...


... middle of paper ...


...y significance we are morally obligated to do it.
In conclusion, the Formula of Universal Law has a close connection to Singer’s argument. Considering Singer’s first principle it demonstrates that whether an individual should help those dying victims is irrespective of how close one is to those victims, unless it makes helping them more difficult, as the distance from one does nothing to reduce their grief. Moreover, Singer’s concluded that an individual’s obligation to help the dying victims doesn’t go away if those people who have potential to help are doing nothing, because morally the presence of the people who can do nothing is, similar to the absence of people who would do something. Thus, this example justifies the FUL which requires people to act on a maxim that follows the moral principle and good will so as to be considered as a universal law of nature.

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