Foreign Policy of the United States Essay

Foreign Policy of the United States Essay

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After December 26 1991, when the Soviet Union fell, the bipolarity of the international system was effaced. In the post- Cold War era, the United States faced the problem without a defined enemy to adopt a new foreign policy. To begin to analyze the political foreign policy of the United States, one must first understand the international system. According to Political Realism, a theory of international thought, the state is the key unit within the acts within the system. These states act according to their key norms, which are allowed by the system. However, these sates are also affected the domestic and external factors which control how they act. The domestic factors include political culture, their economic system, the leadership within the country, and the population. Despite these large factors, the key external factor that determines the actions and foreign policy of the state is anarchy. Anarchy is the lack of a central government that can enforce rules within the international community. This principle implies that the international community is dangerous and could spell ruin and disparity for any state without rules to govern and mandates that restrict unruly states, creating a self-help system. In order to survive within this system a state must generate power or the ability to make others do what they otherwise would not do. Within this power a state could easily fall to other powers. To gain power, states either create alliances or increase their political advantages. The main components of power are soft and material power. Soft power includes the ability to “ make other states want what you want”(Nye). Material power includes wealth to issue rewards and punishments and a large military to instill fear into other st...


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...ystem, with emphasis on improving the world as a whole. However, unlike the hegemonic imperative approach, this policy asserts that the United States take a multilateral approach by working with other world power and working under international organizations. This view assumes that the United States’ hegemon on the WCE and multipolarity has returned to the world. As agreed upon by many theorists and political thinkers, power is diffused among the nations, but it still needs a group to lead the rest of the world. This view would entail the United States taking a role as a key leader in this group. The United States would work along with international organizations such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF), GATT, and the UN. Thus under this system the United States would conform to the already in place system and allow itself to have equality with other nations.

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