Essay on FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK EXPOSURE of LISTED COMPANIES in PAKISTAN

Essay on FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK EXPOSURE of LISTED COMPANIES in PAKISTAN

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Introduction
The foreign exchange market is a worldwide decentralized over-the-counter financial market for the trading of currencies. It determines the relative values of different currencies. A local currency is a currency not backed by a national government, and intended to trade only in a small area. Currency is used as a medium of exchange in goods and services. It has vital role in the economy. Because devaluation of a local currency makes its goods relatively cheaper; it increases the capacity of exports. With the decrease in demand for local country’s goods and services, its local currency devaluates and reverse is the case if its volume of exports increases.
The currency exchange rate is one of the important factors which affect balance of payment of a country. A balance of payments (BOP) sheet is an accounting record of all monetary transactions between a country and the rest of the world. These transactions include payments for the country's exports and imports of goods, services, and financial capital, as well as financial transfers. Sources of funds for a nation, such as exports or the receipts of loans and investments, are recorded as positive or surplus items. Uses of funds, such as for imports or to invest in foreign countries, are recorded as a negative or deficit item. Foreign exchange is the methods and instruments used to adjust the payment of debts between two nations that employ different currency systems. A nation's balance of payments has an important effect on the exchange rate of its currency. Bills of exchange, drafts, checks, and telegraphic orders are the principal means of payment in international transactions. Buying or selling foreign currency in order to profit from sudden changes in the rate of...


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Salifu, Z., Osei, K. A., and Adjasi, C.K.D. (2007), “Foreign exchange risk exposure of listed companies in Ghana,” The Journal of Risk Finance, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 380 393

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Williamson, R. (2001). ‘‘Exchange rate exposure and competition: evidence from the automotive industry,’’ Journal of Financial Economics, Vol. 59, pp. 441-75

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FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK EXPOSURE OF LISTED COMPANIES IN PAKISTAN: Essay

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