The For Social And Economic Problems Essay

The For Social And Economic Problems Essay

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The authors largest conviction is that potential programs that aim to relieve social and economic problems need to be properly tested and researched before they are implemented. Because, wasting money, time, and resources that yield minimum results is actually detrimental. Which is why, “specialized institutions like the Urban Institute are needed” (Solow, 2016, p. 7). According to the author, even recent successful policies are not very successful. Rather, they are amped up to gain public or financial support (Solow, 2016, p. 7). If the real projection of their influence was discussed, the likely hood that the policies would have gained support is slim. He states that institutions such as the Urban Institute can help curb this reality by doing extensive research into how potential policies would actually impact the population and what unintended consequences It could have (Solow, 2016, p. 7). However, the author does note that, in part, it is the interrelatedness of social problems that simultaneously diminishes the success rate of many policies, as well as makes them look successful.
As the textbook notes, many factors of poverty are related. And the author believes the same to be true. Specifically, he points out the relationship between, “crime with poor housing, poor housing with bad education, [and] health care and unemployment with all three,” all points that the textbook elaborates on. For example, the textbook discusses how low-income neighborhoods are established when a city shifts “economic and social resources away from the inner city and to the suburbs result[ing] in the decline of the physical appearance and service infrastructure of the area” (Macionis & Parrillo, 2001, p. 281).” This leads to overcrowding ...


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...are not obvious” (Solow, 2016, p. 15). And the textbook contests that he is absolutely correct. As it stands 46.2 million Americans are living in poverty (Macionis & Parrillo, 2001, p. 266). This is despite the numerous policies and reforms that have been enacted over the years to reduce these levels. In order to actually relive poverty in the United States an institution, such as the Urban Institution, that focus on the scope of the problem as a whole and does adequate research into the possible success of policies is absolutely necessary.
Resources
Macionis, J. J., & Parrillo, V. N. (2001). Cities and urban life (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Solow, R. M. (2016, June 6). Forty years of social policy and policy research. Retrieved September 13, 2016, from http://www.urban.org/research/publication/forty-years-social-policy-and-policy-research



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