Algernon Austin is the author of this article published in 2009 had the intent of informing the public about African American poverty. The author is credible and has authority because he was the director of the Economic Policy Institute’s Program on Race, Ethnicity, and the Economy (PREE). The author uses poverty numbers that were released by the Census Bureau to provide evidence that children growing up in impoverished homes or poor neighborhoods are more likely to be poor as adults. Additionally, the authors provide explanations for the effects of poverty linked to the lack of jobs. The author claims that if we want to to end poverty in the future society needs to act now. Questions arising from this article are how directly will a community be affected by vouchers and how much of an impact will education vouchers have on the local economy in the future. The authors’ conclusion is of interest to me in my research on reparations for African americans because it provides a basis for African American poverty.
The author of this article Bernard Boxill published this article in 2011 onto the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy with the intent of informing people about reparations for African Americans. The author is credible and has authority because Bernard Boxill works in social, political and African American philosophy and has published countless works on this topic. The author uses philosophers such as John Locke and Aristotle along with many others to provide evidence for why African Americans should receive reparations. Additionally, the authors provide explanations for the reasons for reparations as well as general information and history. The author claims that slaves were harmed and should have been giving reparations b...
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...sh. Frum uses historical events, statistics and logic to explain why reparations for African Americans would not be fair for other races. He provide explanations for the effects of reparations and how it is unfair to other races. The author explains that Chinese Americans were victims of the Oriental Exclusion Acts and Native Americans had a continent taken from them yet, blacks are receiving money and these other races are not. Questions arising from this article are if we give reparations to blacks why not to other races and will a better quality of life for blacks be fair if other races don’t get reparations (different form Backlash).The authors’ conclusion is of interest to me in my research on reparations for blacks because I need to know while I am trying to see if reparations will improve quality of life for blacks I must also include the nation as a whole.
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- The United States developed the official poverty measures in 1960. It was developed by President Lyndon B. Johnson, who had declared a war on poverty during the Civil Rights era. (The Path of Power- The years of Lyndon B. Johnson, (Caro, 16). The poverty rate of African Americans has been declining for many years. The Census Bureau releases two reports every year that describe who is poor in the United States based on cash resources. There is also the supplemental poverty measure (SPM) which takes account for the cash resources and non cash benefits from government programs aimed at low income families.... [tags: treats to world peace, poverty measures]
929 words (2.7 pages)
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1375 words (3.9 pages)
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1526 words (4.4 pages)
Neighborhood Poverty, Social Capital, and the Cognitive Development of African American Preschoolers
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1496 words (4.3 pages)
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582 words (1.7 pages)
- cost, proximity or other resources is called “food security”. Over 15 million children live in households that are considered food insecure. Out of 321 counties the average food insecurity rate is 23 percent. In the other 2821 counties the average rate is at 15 percent. Out of all counties in the US with high food-insecurity ratios 50 percent are rural areas, 26 percent are metropolitan and 90 percent are in the south . According to U.S department of Agriculture food insecurity in states varies based about household factors like income, employment, household structures, average wages, cost of housing, and levels of participation in food assistance programs.... [tags: Food security, Food, African American, Poverty]
974 words (2.8 pages)
- Are the words of our founding fathers being upheld. Our constitution states that “all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.” If this is truly the essence of our society, why is it so difficult for African Americans to thrive economically, and why is there a prominent, growing wealth gap between white and black Americans. Studies show that there are three substantial issues contributing to the disparity: poor education, workplace discrimination, and judicial inequality.... [tags: African American, Racism, Race, Poverty]
712 words (2 pages)
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