Essay on The Food And Drug Administration

Essay on The Food And Drug Administration

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The Food and Drug Administration, commonly called the FDA, was established in 1906, and is the agency within the government that is responsible for protecting the public’s health by regulating all forms of drugs, vaccines, food, animal feed, and veterinary products. The long standing goal is to make sure that anything that is going into a living creature in the United States has been well tested and documented as being safe. Without this section of the government, we could still be living in an area where you would be an “elixir” from a street peddler to fix whatever is ailing you. Labels on bottles and food could say what may sound nice, but could have literally anything in them. As odd as that kind of world may seem, one where you are being scammed for trying to better yourself or your family; that was America up until 1938.
During the early stages of the FDA had little funding and even smaller power over what was being sold to the masses. They did not have the power to mandate clinical tests for products to make sure they are ethical or safe. In 1880, twenty eight percent of drugs on the market were patented ones, and just ten years later they comprised 72% of drug sales and products. However these patented “medicines” were just concoctions of random herbs, spices, and chemicals. The bottles and labels were the things patented, not the recipe for the medicine. Advertising was the name of the game for the jump in patented medicines jumping, if you make it sound great then people will think it is. Businesses would toss blame onto the gullible common man and physicians who actually bought the stuff, if any organization tried to crack down on this phony practice. In 1906, Theodor Roosevelt, signed the Food and Drug Act, which was ...


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... AIDS epidemic struck in the 90s, there was a problem on the consumer side. People wanted to be cured and they didn’t care about the risks, they wanted some regulations lifted. The FDA stayed stern on this but allowed drugs in specific categories to be expedited to allow for more patients to have access to it and the study be much wider than a typical controlled one. There are two final policies that left us with the current pharmaceutical market, the first was the allowance of drugs to be sold based on their ability to help with something associated with a larger problem (such as medicine that reduces blood pressure can be sold as a drug to help heart disease). And the most recent policy was the FDA pushing for more broad groups for clinical trials, this included both genders, elderly, and children, and finding the proper dosage for all of these respective groups.

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