Essay on Food and Agriculture: Root Crops

Essay on Food and Agriculture: Root Crops

Length: 955 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Tropical and subtropical countries have climatic conditions which are unfavourable for the production of wheat. These countries are therefore heavily dependent on wheat imports to provide staple food products for their populations (FAO; Byerlee, 1987 1-2). In 1960 the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) began a Composite Flour Programme aimed at empowering developing nations with the technology to improve their country’s food security. Composite flour is a mixture of flours from cereals and root tubers. Flour from ground legumes such as soya bean may also be added to increase the protein content of the composite flour. Wheat is often the cereal incorporated in the mixture but cereals such as maize, rice, buckwheat and millet can also be utilized (Popper, 2006).

Root crops are the edible energy–rich underground plant structures developed from modified roots. While tuber crops are those crops in which the edible carbohydrate – rich storage organs develop wholly or partly from underground stems (Okigbo 1989). Root crops and tuber crops are important in Sub Saharan Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean. Some of the major root tubers crops grown are cassava, yams, sweet potatoes and taro (dasheen). Flour made from the root crops can be partially substituted for wheat flour in the production of bread, cakes and pastries (Arenillo et al, 2012; Mongi et al, 2011; Okorie and Onyeneke, 2012;Rangel et al, 2011; Njintang et al 2008).




Colocasia esculenta (L.) originated in the tropical region that spans from India to Indonesia and is now widely grown in Africa, Asia, the Pacific Region and the Caribbean (Matthews 2004, 55-71). The root crop is commonly known as dashen in the Caribbean. It was originally bro...


... middle of paper ...


... 2013. http://slaverebellion.org/index.php?page=african-contribution-to-american-culture
Titus, Pathleen, and Bradley Georges. 2013. Caribbean Publication #15 - HQ/032/12 Policies and developmental initiatives required to strengthen the Roots and Tubers (RT) and Protected Agriculture (PA) Industries in the. Trinidad: CARDI. Assessed November 28, 2013. http://www.cardi.org/cfc-pa/files/downloads/2013/04/Publ-10-PA-RT-VCs-Titus-BG-merged.pdf
Tobago News. 2013. “Tobago Blue Food Festival 2013: Celebrating 15 Years.” The Tobago News, October 20. Accessed November 22, 2013. http://www.thetobagonews.com/news/Tobago--Blue-Food-Festival-2013--Celebrating-15-Years-228522911.html
Popper, Lutz, ed. 2006. Future of Flour: A Compendium of Flour Improvement. Christchurch: AgriMedia. Assessed November 11, 2013. http://www.muehlenchemie.de/english/know-how/future-of-flour.html




Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on A Brief Note On Agriculture And Agriculture Practices

- Introduction Although people are becoming aware of the significance of land protection, the amount of arable land is still decreasing at an alarming rate. More specifically, according to a study cited by UNCCD, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, the land degradation costs about $490 billion per year. However, if sustainable actions are taken, there will be $1.4 trillion increase in crop production. Therefore, in order to mitigating the loss of arable land due to modern U.S....   [tags: Agriculture, Irrigation, Soil, Water]

Better Essays
1141 words (3.3 pages)

Sustainability of Agriculture Essay

- What is a Sustainable Agriculture. To define the sustainability of agriculture, we must look into the several relationships agriculture has with the basic nature of making something sustainable. In this research literature, we will look at the factual information regarding agricultural practices as they relate to the long-term stability of biodiversity, ecosystems, and Natural resources. We will also compare historical and modern perspectives of economics as they relate to resources and sustainability....   [tags: Environmentalism / Economics / Agriculture]

Better Essays
1327 words (3.8 pages)

Sustainable Alternatives For Modern Food Production Essay

- Between Q1 of 2007 and Q2 of 2008 seen in Figure 1, world food prices soared due to increase in production costs. Given that the crisis is a result from inefficiencies of the food system even at current population levels; it is a cause for concern that future population growth might encounter greater food security issues. This essay explores sustainable alternatives that can support large population growths for modern food production by addressing various aspects of the food system. The population division of the United Nations Department of Economics and Social Affairs expects global population to reach 9.6 billion by 2050 (2011)....   [tags: Agriculture, Food security, Soil]

Better Essays
1023 words (2.9 pages)

Food and Agriculture in Panama Essays

- Food and Agriculture in Panama Agriculture is big business in Panama. Not only does it account for much of the country's exports (over 50%), but subsistence farming still employs many Panamanians who only grow enough food to feed their families (nationalencyclopedia.com). The main crop in Panama is bananas by a large margin, and is also one of the countries largest exports. Besides bananas, the other main exports are sugar and coffee beans, while the largest domestic crops are corn, rice, cocoanuts, tobacco and the exotic root vegetable yucca (Bennett 78)....   [tags: Panama Farming Agricultural Essays Papers]

Better Essays
1030 words (2.9 pages)

Crops for Improved Nutrition Essay

- The diet of developing countries has become a concern worldwide issue. Twelve million deaths of children less than five years old suffer from malnutrition has been recorded each year. Malnutrition is the main concern where deficiencies in micro-nutrient such as vitamin A, iron and zinc. The World Health Organization (WHO) reported nearly 800 million people have not sufficient access to food (Aniedu & Omodamiro, 2012). Most Nigerians receive fewer vitamins A. Thus, research has been conducted to develop LMO such as cassava that more efficiently absorb trace metals and micronutrients from the soil, have enhanced starch quality and contain more beta-carotene and other beneficial vitamins and mi...   [tags: casava, rice, beta-carotene]

Better Essays
618 words (1.8 pages)

Essay on Genetically Engineered Crops

- Everyone should stop recycling. Everyone should drive their gasoline cars more, leave the lights on, let the water run, and go wild with any noxious chemicals, regardless of our aquatic friends. After all, even with all of these environment preserving activities, we could still greatly damage our ecosystems. The cause of this is simply because of the technological pollution caused by the use of genetically engineered crops. These plants are different in that they have had genes inserted into their genetic code, giving them added traits which are suppose to aid them in producing greater yield or defending against insects and disease, amongst other benefits....   [tags: Genetic Engineering]

Better Essays
1510 words (4.3 pages)

Essay about Christopher Columbus, Corn and Potatoes: How the New World Fed the Old

- How the New World Fed the Old Christopher Columbus’ discoveries were widely known and highly influential, but more so, the things he brought back to his homeland would pave the way for future development. Food is and will always be one of the most essential elements for the survival of humanity. It is not surprising that the Old World (Europe) primarily developed the way it did because of the influence of food mostly derived from the New World. Alfred W. Crosby discusses this in his article, “The Potato Connection – How the New World Fed the Old”....   [tags: agriculture, crops]

Better Essays
762 words (2.2 pages)

Irrigating Crops With Seawater Essay

- Brown J. Jed, Glenn Edward P., and O’Leary James W. 1998. Irrigating Crops with Seawater. Scientific American. Irrigating Crops with Seawater'; talks about the global problem of finding enough water and land for the world’s population to survive. An estimated 494.2 million acres of cropland is needed just to feed the tropics and subtropics for the next 30 years. However, only close to 200 million acres are available. Therefore, new sources of water and land are needed to grow crops....   [tags: Freshwater Essays]

Free Essays
869 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Effects of Agriculture on the Environment

- Effects of Agriculture on the Environment Introduction:      Agriculture has changed dramatically, especially since the end of World War II. Food and fibre productivity rose due to new technologies, mechanization, increased chemical use, specialization and government policies that favoured maximizing production. These changes allowed fewer farmers with reduced labour demands to produce the majority of the food and fibre. Humans, like all other species, exploit their surroundings for the resources they need to survive....   [tags: Agricultural Environment Nature Essays]

Better Essays
2078 words (5.9 pages)

Essay on Summary of Article on Conservation Agriculture

- Conservation Agriculture I visited the FAO site and went to the Agriculture 21 magazine and read an article. The name of the article was conservation agriculture, which is basically another method that farmers would be able to utilize in regards to their farming, needs and cost reduction strategies. The Food and Agricultural Organization has been working with CA to help expand the program more to other regions. The farmers that are using it says that it gives them a means of conserving, improving, and making more efficient use of their natural resources....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
356 words (1 pages)