Originating in 700 A.D., the Mississippian culture expanded through the Mississippi Valley and out into the southeastern states of Alabama, Georgia and Florida. For 800 years, until the 1550s, the Mississippian culture prospered. They cultivated a substantial amount of corn, by means of intensive farming, and other crops, such as squash and beans. Their trade networks with other native Americans extended across the New World in all directions, as far west as the Rocky Mountains, north as the Great Lakes, south as the Gulf of Mexico and east as the Atlantic Ocean. They manufactured an abundance of stone, shell and copper products. Some scholars believe that the Mississippian culture evolved as a result of climate conditions and their own strength and ability to grow, though others argue that Mexico influenced their agricultural techniques and religious practices.
Native Americans of the Mississippian culture were nicknamed Temple Mound Builders because they built earthen temple mounds that were several stories high and had flat tops. The significant buildings, such as their wooden temples, council houses and chief’s house, were built atop these mounds. The cultural hub of the Mississippian culture was Cahokia, which occupied over 8000 people and was the first metropolis of America. Constructed near present day...
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Major Pre-Columbian Indian Cultures in the United States. 3 Sep. 2008
Nash, Gary B., and Julie R. Jeffrey. The American People. 5th ed. Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers Inc, 2001. 1 Sep. 2008.
Schroedl, Gerald F. Mississippian Culture. 1998. Tennessee Historical Society. 3 Sep. 2008
Sharp, Jay W. Desert People of the Past. 2001. 2 Sep. 2008
Stein, Anthony. The Mississippian Moundbuilders and their Artifacts. 1 Mar. 2000. 3 Sep. 2008
Radonjic, Brankica . The Hopewell Culture. Ed. Kristian A. Werling. 25 Sep. 1996. WebChron. 3 Sep. 2008
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