The five process groups derived from the PMBOK® Guide are:
1. Initiating (Schwalbe, 2014): Initiating a project includes the importance of the project that is defining a project. This should be done at every stage of the project by making a review that is this project should be continued or should finish this project. In this stage, even the decision should be made on what the resources do we need for this project, following the project charter and maintain a document on the processes.
2. Planning (Schwalbe, 2014): Planning comprises the activities which will be used to implement the plans on executing a project such as scope, schedule, budget and procurement management plans. Project plans should be revised by project teams if any changes are required in the project. This phase is very critical in the project management because when a new scheme is applied substantial struggles are needed to change the plan.
3. Executing (Schwalbe, 2014): Executing a project is to complete the project by using the resources effectively and by following the plans determined in the planning stage. This stage contributes the actual work of the project. This stage includes the quality testing, developing the activities included and provides the results.
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...xcept the monitoring and controlling process group. The other process groups are managing boundaries of a stage and delivery of project and controlling the phases.
• Six Sigma Methodologies (Schwalbe, 2014): Six Sigma has been used by many organizations. Two main methodologies are used on six sigma projects: DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, and Control) is used to improve an existing business process, and DMADV (Define, Measure, Analyze, Design, and Verify) is used to create new product or process designs to achieve predictable, defect-free performance (Schwalbe, 2014).
I conclude that the PMBOK® Guide provides standards which are used by many organizations as the foundation for their project. But by using this standard they may additionally create their own methodologies or use other methodologies in order to fulfill their project and organization needs.
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