A systems perspective
Thinking in Time
These are the five elements that make up strategic thinking as described by Dr. Jeanne M. Liedtka, a faculty member at the University of Virginia 's Darden Graduate School of Business and former chief learning officer at United Technologies Corporation.
I 've never met Dr. Liedtka, but I 'm madly in love with her elements of strategic thinking.
One of the frustrations I 've had with most of the definitions of strategic planning is that rarely is the concept "strategic" or "strategic thinking" well-defined. (I feel the same way about the use of the term "policies" which is why I 'm drawn to the framework for policy creation as espoused by PolicyGovernance (R) guru John Carver)
In many definitions, strategic planning is defined as a process that employs "strategic thinking" or "strategies." I guess the definers believe everyone inherently knows strategy when they see it. If only that were so.
I learned a great word in school many years ago: "tautology." No it 's not a fish (that 's a tautog).
A tautology is an explanation that uses the same or similar terms to explain what it means, like calling strategic planning a planning process that creates strategies.
Maybe Dr. Liedtka was also frustrated by these definitions. Her wonderful article helpfully explains what it meant to think strategically.
So what are these five essential elements of strategic thinking that she identified?
1. Intent focused
Dr. Liedtka says: "Strategic intent provides the focus that allows individuals within an organization to marshal and leverage their energy, to focus attention, to resist distraction, and to concen...
... middle of paper ...
...d react to great new opportunities as they arise. They understand that the world is dynamic and they are open to change to reach their vision.
Intelligent opportunism also implies that you dig deep into your organization to hear from many perspectives. Ideas and knowledge are valuable wherever they exist -- but you 'll need to look and listen to benefit from them.
5. Hypothesis driven
Finally, Dr. Liedtka says, "strategic thinking mirrors the scientific method... it is both creative and critical in nature."
As strategic thinkers, we create hypothesis, those questions that start "What if...?" or "If... then?" -- questions that enable us to imagine multiple scenarios, analyze them as best we can based on the knowledge we 've accumulated and then test the best hypotheses (experiment). As we act, we learn from our experience to create new hypothesis for future action.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Receiving the opportunity to check one of my completed compositions created leverage to strengthen elements of my oeuvre. This reflection consists of a process of dissection, scrutiny, and close reassessment. As a writer in the editing and revision stage, I examined particular features throughout my essay including background information about the topic, credible evidence to support overall claims, and grammar and sentence structure. In the intro of my essay, I listed vague examples about how television impacts society.... [tags: Rhetoric, Critical thinking, Writing, Logic]
1268 words (3.6 pages)
- Thinking Strategically in an Organization According to the Thinking Strategically simulation, "Strategy, in business, is the combination of foresight, planning, and decision-making that prepares an enterprise to achieve long-term goals and manage the consequences of contemporary decisions." A lesson learned was that one needs to properly construct long-term objectives to be able to align to the company's strategic goals. This helped in some development of my strategic plan. For example, if the CEO of a company wants to establish a strong competitive position and cares less about profits in the short-term, then a possible strategy would be to keep prices low in order to establish the comp... [tags: Business Management Strategic]
1378 words (3.9 pages)
- Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skilfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing and/or evaluating information gathered from or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action. (Foundation for Critical Thinking, 2011) Critical thinking consists of elements such as reasoning and intellectual standards that enable logical analysis to take place thus leading to impartial conclusions.... [tags: critical thinking, intellectual standards]
526 words (1.5 pages)
- Over time the importance of the value of human resources (HR) to its firm has increased. The management of human resources went from being operational to strategic, which are the two levels of HR, and from reactive to proactive. The HR field may organize its thinking about the past, present, and future around the framework that results from the combination of both proactive and reactive HR. Operational HR activities generally refer to the routing, day-to-day delivery of HR basics. The strategic level of HR activity is more difficult to explain and involves five criteria: • Long term-whether the activity would add value in the distant future as opposed to the near future.... [tags: HR Human Resource Business]
1804 words (5.2 pages)
- Comic and Tragic Elements in Slaughterhouse Five Slaughterhouse-Five, by Kurt Vonnegut Jr., is the tale of a World War II soldier, Billy Pilgrim. His wartime experiences and their effects lead him to the ultimate conclusion that war is unexplainable. To portray this effectively, Vonnegut presents the story in two dimensions: historical and science-fiction. The irrationality of war is emphasized in each dimension by contrasts in its comic and tragic elements. The historical seriousness of the Battle of the Bulge and the bombing of Dresden are contrasted by many ironies and dark humor; the fantastical, science-fiction-type place of Tralfamadore is, in truth, an outlet for Vonnegut to... [tags: Slaughterhouse-Five Essays]
1486 words (4.2 pages)
- 1. Lean thinking is focused on eliminating waste throughout the company. It also places emphasis on looking through the customer’s point of view and providing value to them. 2. The five principles of lean thinking are: a. Define value – this focuses on defining what the customer’s value in different products and services provided by the company. The emphasis is on the customer and how the company can provide value to them. b. Identify the value streams – this requires company’s employees to see how the organization functions through the eyes of the customer.... [tags: Manufacturing, Lean manufacturing]
710 words (2 pages)
- when the reliability of its historical descriptions was brought into question. Irving wrote that the bombing killed more than 135,000 people in less than twelve hours, but later research concluded that the bombing killed roughly 25,000, though Irving refused to believe that figure (Evans 1). Further inconsistencies within the book reveal that Irving used German propaganda to estimate his figures (Evans 4). Irving also used misconstrued, unreliable pieces of evidence from a single witness, Hans Voigt, to write elements of the book, instead of gathering accurate information that could create a dependable nonfiction book (Evans 2).... [tags: Slaughterhouse-Five, Kurt Vonnegut, Dresden]
1191 words (3.4 pages)
- Critical thinking is improving of thinking in different problems in different situations which need to find solutions by our thinking and evaluating it . When a person thinks about a subject or a challenging problem to find a solution for it occurs by thinking on the problem to find the solution for it himself improvement of his own skills. Using all the skills to assess and contract to reach the solution to the challenge problem is the critical thinking. Does the critical thinking Improve our abilities and how we could to improve our abilities , does a person need special skills to improve our critical thinking.... [tags: Critical thinking, Problem solving, Thought]
1025 words (2.9 pages)
- Asian Philosophies of Critical Thinking The research question of this extended essay came across at a very early stage in my life. Having been born and developed from a family with all its members being University instructors and professors, I was often involved in arguments related to the lack of critical thinking in Asian cultures. As I got older, having had the chance to emerge in different cultures, I started to develop my own viewpoints and answers. I started to wonder about the truth between the real differences of Asian and Western philosophies of critical thinking.... [tags: Critical Thinking Essays]
5517 words (15.8 pages)
- Thinking and Decision Making In decision-making, many different thinking methods must be considered. Some people like to think outside the box or use abstract, creative thoughts to make decisions. This is known as creative thinking. Others prefer to use a style of thinking built on a solid foundation, known as persuasive thinking. Some thinkers prefer to rely on reasoning to make decisions. This is known as logical thinking. When considering these three different thinking styles, many similarities and differences are apparent.... [tags: Thinking Styles Decisions]
1910 words (5.5 pages)