The first strength that the Roman Empire consistently displayed was its Military. The Roman army, famed for its discipline, organization, and innovation in both weapons and tactics, allowed Rome to build and defend a huge empire which for centuries would dominate the Mediterranean world and beyond. They efficiently swept through surrounding territories, conquering all that stood in their way. This was a key strength for the Romans. If Rome invaded foreign kingdoms it meant that they weren’t at risk of being invaded themselves in the future, thus neutralizing the risk of needing to defend themselves. The land they took over and the people living there would become “Romanized” as the Empire absorbed more territory.
Another strength of the Empire would be that the constant invasion of new places meant a constant flow of money, resources and slaves being pumped back into the economy. Ultimately, the Roman economy was centered around fueling their army as it was foreign conquest that brought prosperity. If the army conquered another Empire it claimed all goods, resources and gold that the Empire had. Not to mention the amount of people that would become slaves and sold back to Roman citizens. Despite this barbaric approach to invading, the Romans were very welcoming to people from newly conquered areas. Firstly, offering them citizenship as they became Romanized. Foreigners were eventually enlisted into the army which, ironically, often resulted in people fighting for an army that their ...
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... contributed to the fact that Romans were generally better educated than the people they were invading, meaning better military tactics.
Rome’s strengths primarily lay in its military. The fact that it Rome lasted so many years owes a lot to the fact that its army was so superior to the rest of the worlds. Rome’s approach of “invade or be invaded” helped it maintain its grip across its vast Empire. Roman ideology was that War was the norm. Rome was constantly at conquering someone and this never ending war path was what helped in maintain itself throughout the centuries. However, it must be said that without Rome’s infrastructure, its preservation would have been impossible. Rome could not survive so long on war alone. With things like; literacy, engineering, medicine and government, Rome was perhaps one of the most successful and legendary Empires of all time.
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