The First Crusades From The Islamic Perspective Essay

The First Crusades From The Islamic Perspective Essay

Length: 898 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Carole Hillenbrand tries to illustrate the first crusades from the Islamic perspective. Although the historical resources are few, she does her best to give the reader a detailed information about the topic. The author discusses the reasons for the failure of Islamic World in the first Crusade. She talks about the political situation in Muslim countries and mentions several arguments that explain those failures.
First and foremost, she emphasizes the disunity and weakness of Muslims. The author believes that if Crusaders had arrived about ten years earlier, it would not have been that easy to gain victory. During 90’s of the eleventh century, the Islamic world was much stronger. Crusaders would meet “unified resistance from the state then ruled by Malikshah, the last of the three so-called Great Seljuq sultans.” After his death, this strong unity was destroyed, causing the weakening of Islamic World. The end of the Great Seljuq sultans’ era was such a tragedy that Mamluk historian Ibn Taghribirdi addresses it as “the year of deaths of caliphs and commanders.” The author even compares that period to the “disintegration of the Iron Curtain.” In addition, religious schism debilitated Islamic world. The Seljuqs had the struggle because of religion not only with Byzantium and the Christian countries but with the ‘heretical’ Fatimid Shi’ite caliphate of Cairo too. The other areas of the Islamic world were characterized with the same discord. Although, nomadic Turks of Anatolia were able to win the battle of Manzikert in 1071, during the first crusades there were as weak as other Islamic societies. This was mainly caused by the struggle of eastern and western Seljuq rulers, trying to seize another’s lands. Furthermore, the Turks of Anat...


... middle of paper ...


...try how strong Seljuqs were during this time. Their reign in Georgia does even have a special name - “Great Turkish Invasion.” In addition, it is not surprising that Muslims identify this movement as an ordinary war against the enemy. The Crusaders had a different reason for this war - occupying Holy Land which “belonged” to them and the desire of fame and richness, while Muslims wanted just to protect their land and some of them, according to the author, did event aspire to unite with Franks to defeat other Muslims. Another surprising factor is the non-existence of the sources about Edessa, which was one of the key factors causing the second Crusade. Moreover, the author talks about various nationalities living in Muslim countries, which is one of the characteristics of Medieval World - representatives of several nations, religions and ethnicities living together.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Were The Crusades About Expanding Or Defending The Boundaries Of Christendom?

- Were the Crusades about expanding or defending the boundaries of Christendom. The eminent historian Jonathan Riley-Smith defines ‘crusade’ as “holy war fought against those perceived to be the external or internal foes of Christendom for the recovery of Christian property”. This would suggest that the Crusades were primarily an endeavour intended to promote Christian expansionism through the acquisition of both territory and religious converts. However the Crusades can also be interpreted as a means for independent Christian rulers to demonstrate their piety, amass wealth through loot and enhance their prestige; all of which would be beneficial to the rule of their own territories....   [tags: Crusades, First Crusade, Alexios I Komnenos]

Better Essays
3529 words (10.1 pages)

Peter Burkholder 's Academic Journal Article And Developed With A Social Approach

- Peter Burkholder 's academic journal article is written and developed with a social approach. Burkholder 's article formulates connections between social aspects of the present generation with the medieval era through examples such as the 1995 film Braveheart and various video games that portray medieval battles. His analysis of the stereotypes society has of medieval warfare connects with a wider audience beyond the academic community since it incorporates examples of popular culture thus making the article more relatable to the reader....   [tags: Middle Ages, Crusades, Writing, First Crusade]

Better Essays
1167 words (3.3 pages)

The First Crusade Research Paper

- The First Crusade Research Paper. The first crusade was held only in order to fulfill desire of the Christians of the recapturing the center of the Christian faith-Jerusalem, which has been controlled by the Muslim nation for more than 400 years. This military campaign was followed with severe cruelty and harsh actions against Muslims which cannot be justified with anything but religious and material interest. On the 18 of May 1906 the army of the crusaders under the rule of the Emicho of Flonheim reached the walls of Mainz and demanded to open the city’s gates....   [tags: christians, jerusalem]

Better Essays
1076 words (3.1 pages)

The First Four Crusades And The Crusades Essay

- Lasting from 1095-1290, The first four crusades lasted for 196 years.(Phillips) The crusades were motivated by the idea of spiritual freedom, new land, monetary incentives, and many other wordly goods. In recent years historians have learned more information about the first four crusades. This information helps answer some of the questions surrounding the first crusades. Outcomes varied from crusade to crusade, as did responses from Muslim governments, all of which shaped Muslim culture today. Motivations Incentives for taking up the cross ranged from pilgrimage, monetary gains, and things such as political power or fame....   [tags: First Crusade, Crusades, Byzantine Empire]

Better Essays
863 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on The First Argument Of The Crusades

- Crusading was a big fuss of cruelty, politics, acquisition and nothing more. Historians have made opinions on the first Crusade as if it was something righteous and true. It was not. Some debates or opinions were more biased, while others were inadequate in comparison. In 1,098CE Roman, French and Germanic forces came together to defeat early Arabic cultures in Constantinople and Jerusalem. There are no misconceptions when discussing the opposing viewpoints of Latin and Muslim Crusading too writer justifications....   [tags: Crusades, First Crusade, Alexios I Komnenos]

Better Essays
803 words (2.3 pages)

Essay about The Rise Of The Crusades

- 1. What was led to the cause of the Crusades. It began under the rule of one man, and his name was Pope Urban II. Urban II was around sixty years old before his first launch of the first Crusade in 1095; he was born under French nobility and a former cleric and Cluniac Monk becoming pope in 1088. And it was his vision that delivered a sermon at Clermont (Council of Clermont, France) that would change the course of history. The sermon saw men to take up arms for two reasons, first he saw the need to protect Christendom’s eastern borders in Byzantium whom were in imminent threat of Muslim invasion and secondly to take back the holy land itself, Jerusalem “He broadened his appeal to include an...   [tags: First Crusade, Crusades, Kingdom of Jerusalem]

Better Essays
1744 words (5 pages)

Essay on The Crusaders And The Crusades

- The Crusaders During the late eleventh century Western European Christians made military excursions, these excursions were called the Crusades. Pope Urban II requested that the Byzantine emperor needed help against the Seljug Turks in 1095. Their purpose was to recover the city of Jerusalem that had been taken over by the Muslims. “The word Crusader referred to anyone belonging to a large volunteer force against Muslims, as indicated by a cross on Crusaders’ clothing.” (Voyages in World History, pg....   [tags: Crusades, First Crusade, Kingdom of Jerusalem]

Better Essays
701 words (2 pages)

The Primary Purpose Of The First Crusade Essay

- The Primary Purpose of the First Crusade The history of the Crusades in the early parts of the 11th century is one that was filled with battles fraught with much adversity and hardship, along with their shares of success in accomplishing the church’s goal of reclaiming as much control over the Holy Land as possible. The First Crusade is no exception to this. This campaign had a very specific objective laid out by the church, which was successfully accomplished and equally brought some control back to the church as future crusades did....   [tags: Crusades, First Crusade, Christianity]

Better Essays
1428 words (4.1 pages)

The World Of The First Crusade Essay

- The First Crusade was well known for their main goal for the European Christians to regain the sacred city of Jerusalem. Before the First Crusades became to be, they were knights at first because they had sworn a vow to successfully reach Jerusalem and were granted taking of the cross or the crux that would be with them in the entire journey. In 1095, Alexius sent mail to the pope to request mercenaries to protect them from the Muslim Invaders. That’s when the pope decided to assist Alexius, to regain some lost territory that’s when Pope decided he wanted to send the European knights to Jerusalem....   [tags: First Crusade, Crusades, Jerusalem]

Better Essays
1080 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on The Crusades: History's First Jihad

- For centuries, religion has been a key underlying concept that has had the power to unite many individuals, and give them a sense of belonging. For thousands of years, polytheism was a widely popular religious affiliation until the transition into monotheism. The belief in only one god was a major shift in history, especially when looking at Christianity. The unity of faith for Christians has been an ideal from the beginning. On the other hand, Islam, and its followers the Muslims, are united in belief and practice because of Allah, or the God....   [tags: The Crusades]

Better Essays
2702 words (7.7 pages)