The First And Second World War Essay

The First And Second World War Essay

Length: 1194 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The period of orthodoxy - the time between the first and second World War during which public administration developed ideologies which held the belief that administration is a ‘science’, and government’s responsibilities could be separated into decision-making and efficient implementation - faced scholarly challenges on many fronts. The challenges moved the study and practise of public administration into the realm of organisational design and towards the behavioural sciences.
The greatest challenge came from Herbert Simon. In “Administrative Behavior,” [Simon, H. A. (1946.) The proverbs of administration. Public Administration Review, 6(1), 53-67.] Simon lobs criticism at the thinking that was prevalent during the orthodox; he deduces that public administration’s use of principles is too unscientific and tantamount to not much more than proverbs because the principles in place could not be tested and, unlike scientific theory, proverbs do not disprove that which is false though they tend to offer ‘proof’ for what is believed to be true. As an aside, this is, in my opinion, very much in line with religious thinking; where public administration is concerned, the constructs and thinking that took place during the orthodox period drew its share of ‘believers’ perhaps in part because alternative explanations were in limited supply.
Simon analyses each of the four major accepted principles of public administration (specialisation, hierarchy/unified command, limited span of control, and grouping workers by the processes they perform and purpose the serve) and breaks down its supporting arguments by pointing out the inherent contradictions. For example, Simon believed that unified control is in direct contrast with specialisation for a...


... middle of paper ...


...ic methods with management to create a more effective executive leader and more efficient organisation.
Benefits offered by these studies to the 'administration ' aspects of public administration are immeasurable. in studying what motivates people these scholars have developed a foundation for strong organisational design and workplaces that need not be one-size-fits all in the industries sense. Organisations that are structured to draw the best work product out of employees while meeting the needs of those they serve are the organisation best primed to meet changing demands of their constituency. In my own experiences with process improvement remedies to improve efficiency, I can safely say that the organisation that considered and incorporated the needs of the labour force in their design performed far more competitively and responsively than their counterparts.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The First Second World War Essay

- The First World War, as Strachan posits, was the first actual international conflict; the battle did not only occur at the trenches of the Western Front but also in the Middle East, Africa and Asia. Back in 1894, Russia and France entered into an alliance, while Britain “reaches understandings” with both nations although it does not yet agree to fight in case war erupted. On 28th June, 1914 the heir to Austro-Hungarian throne, Franz Ferdinand, is assassinated. He was shot dead in Sarajevo which is the capital of the Austrian province Bosnia....   [tags: World War II, World War I, British Empire]

Strong Essays
1268 words (3.6 pages)

The First And Second World War Essay

- The period of orthodoxy - the time between the first and second World War during which public administration developed ideologies which held the belief that administration is a ‘science’, and government’s responsibilities could be separated into decision-making and efficient implementation - faced scholarly challenges on many fronts. The challenges moved the study and practise of public administration into the realm of organisational design and towards the behavioural sciences. The greatest challenge came from Herbert Simon....   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Management]

Strong Essays
1194 words (3.4 pages)

The First And Second World Wars Essay

- The first and second World Wars are often group with each other, because on the surface they seem very similar. The wars contained the same countries and almost the same alliances thought both of the wars. Really, the two wars are vastly different in some ways such as technology readily available during the wars and the strategies used to utilize them. These wars were very similar in some ways such as the millions who died as the result of them and the total war system that all citizens should help in the war effort....   [tags: World War II, World War I, Adolf Hitler]

Strong Essays
1663 words (4.8 pages)

Essay on The First Cause Of The Second War

- The first cause of The Second War was the many peace efforts that occurred after World War. The League of Nations, which was one of Woodrow Wilson 's fourteen focuses and a piece of the Treaty Versailles, was a discussion in which countries could settle their question with each other. The issue was that the League did not have any genuine force. The main thing it could do was attempt to convince the culpable country to yield and if that did not work out they could force monetary endorses on that nation....   [tags: World War II, World War I, Adolf Hitler]

Strong Essays
720 words (2.1 pages)

Modernization During World War II Essay

- Modernization is the model that demonstrates the gradual process of a “traditional” society to a “modern” society. Many countries who had participated in World War II such as England, France, Germany and Japan were welcomed by their devastated economies. As a result of these, many colonies stood up for their independence against imperial powers and prospered. Modernization was progressing with technology but the theory of where it all started remains debatable. Some theorists believed that modernization was based off from an economical stand point that affected levels of political, social and cultural societies....   [tags: Third World, First World, Second World, Karl Marx]

Strong Essays
1788 words (5.1 pages)

Essay on Canada's Involvement in the Second World War

- Canada involvement in the second world war was well calculated because unlike the first world war, where it plunged into the war as soon as the United Kingdom got involved, in the second world war, Mackenzie King, the Canadian leader had to wait until the parliament consented to the involvement and Canada got involved only after Hitler invade Poland in 1939. Unlike many countries especially in Europe that suffered economic slump during the Second World War, Canada remained virtually unaffected during the war and its involvement set up a foundation through which the country prospered during the years after the war....   [tags: Canada, World War ii, ]

Strong Essays
1430 words (4.1 pages)

The First World War I Essay

- Throughout this course we have discussed and identified many significant events between the First world war and leading up to the second, 1900-1939. These events occurring in Europe have molded the world we know it as today in many aspects. What if the end result of World War One was different. What if the people of European society never agreed to the revolutions. These are few of the essential occurrences that helped shaped the interactions intertwined with today 's society. It is possible if Germany, a powerful and unstoppable force at the time, had been victorious in the first World War, there might be a chance that I would be writing this paper in German, and from a different point of v...   [tags: World War II, World War I, Treaty of Versailles]

Strong Essays
738 words (2.1 pages)

Hitler 's Second World War Essay

- In 1933 Adolf Hitler rose to power as chancellor in Germany and quickly started to prepare it’s military for a war that would eventually take the lives of over sixty million people. Hitler then spent the next six years bullying other nations into giving him land with the threat of war if they did not comply. Meanwhile Britain, France, and other allied nations let Hitler do this because they did not want to cause a second world war, especially after only sixteen years had passed from a war that killed millions and destroyed so much of Europe....   [tags: World War II, Adolf Hitler, Nazi Germany]

Strong Essays
1045 words (3 pages)

Essay about The U.S. in the Second World War

- The U.S. in the Second World War How the Second World War change the economy of United States. Before the Second World War happened for ten years, the United States had the Great Depression, the most serious economy crisis in U.S history. After the president, Franklin D. Roosevelt and government started big business under strong government pressure, the New Deal project. Of course, New Deal seemed to be successful in the first. By New Deal, many unemployed people gained job, and people started consumption than before....   [tags: World War Two US History]

Free Essays
957 words (2.7 pages)

The Second World War (WWII) Essay

- World War I was the cause for World War II I believe that world war 1 led to world war 2. the main reason is the treaty of Versailles. the allies totally screwed Germany and were totally unfair. The allies forbade Germany to have an army of more than 100,000 men, a fleet of more than 36 warships, submarines of any kind, and military air craft. They could not maintain fortifications or military installations within 50km of the Rhine land. And to all that Germany was required to pay large sums of money as reparations for damages that the allies had taken during the war....   [tags: World War 2 II Two]

Strong Essays
587 words (1.7 pages)