The First Age Of Colonization Essays

The First Age Of Colonization Essays

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The first age of colonization, puts a spotlight on the birth of European exploration of the Americas and the peoples who inhabited them. Numerous countries of Europe sent adventurers to explore, with primary intentions to discover resources, to trade, and spread Catholicism to the “uncivilized” natives of the areas. Spain, after the Reconquista, started their golden age. After Columbus’ discovery of the new world, explorers and treasure ships made their way to the Americas. The Spanish conquest through South America was a huge success in terms of Spanish influence, power, and economy. The French chose to live amongst the natives in harmony through trade, while also sharing their religious beliefs with them. As the race for territory in the Americas ensued, natives of the land were dealt with differently by each country.
Castile and Aragon, the two monarchs of Spain during the age of exploration, had accomplished complete religious unity, after the Spanish Reconquista. The country was not only stable, but it was a European power during the 16th century. The discovery of America was what helped Spain keep its social status, until the fall of the Spanish Armada in 1588. Through fear, brutality and disease the Spanish explorers, Cortes and Pizarro, committed mass genocide on the Native Americans of South and Central America, and gold was the trophy. Treasure ships influxed a vast wealth into Spain, and promoted a wider aspect of colonization. Spain did not only gain its wealth from gold, but it was prosperous through the molasses and sugar trade as well. “Crown-sponsored conquests gained riches for Spain and expanded its empire. Most of the southern and southwestern regions claimed, as well as sections of the California coast.” Once ...


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...Indians to convert to Christianity.
With the exploration of Charles de Champlain in Quebec, a new colony was formed. With natives outnumbering the settlers greatly, mutual relations with the natives were crucial to the settlers’ survival. With the fur trade booming among the French settlers in North America a demand was made. Fashion in France was changed as beaver fur became the norm amongst aristocrats. Trade with the natives helped, not only their relations, but it also helped the French learn to trap and Courier de Bois explore North America. The French relations with the natives prove to later help them in terms of the Seven Years War.
In concerns with African slaves, the majority of enslaved Africans who passed through French Senegal were sent to work the now booming industry of harvesting sugar, coffee, and indigo plantations of France’s Caribbean colonies.

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