Finding Resources For The Family And Respite Care Should Be Discussed With A Social Worker

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Finding resources for the family and respite care should be discussed with a social worker. (HelpGuide.org, 2016). Support groups can be a great resource for both patients and family members dealing with the effects of COPD. Education regarding appropriate ventilation in the home, exposure to secondhand smoke, and nutrition counseling should also be included. COPD patients experience weight loss due to the increased energy expenditures associated with labored breathing, which coupled with impaired ability to exercise leads to loss of muscle mass. Severe weight loss is also aggravated by emotional issues and the inability to eat during exacerbations. Patients should be educated regarding avoiding large meals that restrict diaphragmatic function and should instead be encouraged to eat small, frequent meals rich in vitamins and proteins to maintain muscle mass. (Buttaro et al., 2013). Key Concepts of Patient Education Effective patient education continues to be the cornerstone of COPD management. Behavior modification and structured education programs geared towards maximizing self-management have resulted in substantial decreases in morbidity rates. (Buttaro et al., 2013). Also, counseling should be recommended for patients who report feeling anxious, fatigued, and depressed or that exhibit signs and symptoms of major depression. A pulmonary rehabilitation program can be helpful tool in reducing the cycle of isolation and depression. The use of antidepressants can also be helpful in reducing these symptoms. (Buttaro et al., 2013). Education regarding smoking cessation continues to be the most important intervention to prevent further loss of lung function and avoid complications. Patients’ readiness to join and complete a smo... ... middle of paper ... ...dications, participation in discount programs offered my some pharmaceutical companies can be offered to ensure that the patient has the necessary medications to manage her condition. Participation in community activities, increased communication with her daughters and avoidance of isolation can increase B.C.’s self-esteem and provide a sense of purpose. Conclusion Despite the irreversible and permanent damage caused to her lungs, appropriate disease management education can increase patient participation in pulmonary rehabilitation, increase treatment adherence, and optimize her emotional well-being. With close follow-up from a primary care provider and referral to a pulmonologist, she can prevent exacerbations avoid complications. Medication adherence and willingness to participate in the plan of care outlined can improve her current health status and prognosis.

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