States do not have a legal obligation to provide Community College schooling resources as they do for Chicago Public Schools (CPS) for example. However, there is a growing sense that an associate’s degree is today the minimal credential necessary to attain social and economic security. An example is evident during the Clinton administration and Bill Clinton’s initial proposal for the federal “Hope Scholarship.” In his acceptance speech at the Democratic National Convention in 1996, Clinton proposed a tax credit for the first two years of college to “make at least two years of college as universal as four years of a high school education is today” ( Bill Clinton's view on education, from acceptance speech. 1996) The implementation of the “scholarship” as a tax credit provided a boon for the middle class more than it helped low-income students enter college demonstrates the tension between the rhetoric of access and the politics of resource distribution. The growing imp...
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Breneman, D. W., & Nelson, S. C. (1981). Financing community colleges: An economic perspective. Washington: The Brookings Institution.
Dowd, A. C. (2003). From access to outcome equity: Revitalizing the democratic mission of the community college. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 586(March), 92-119.
Burke, J. C., & Serban, A. M. (Eds.). (1998). Performance funding for public higher education: Fad or trend? San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Yue, Loraine, (October 09, 2013) City Colleges Raises $250 Million from its First Bond Sale. Crain’s Chicago Business.
Conner, T.W., and T.M. Rabovsky. “Accountability, Affordability, Access: A Review of the Recent Trends in Higher Education Policy Research.” Policy Studies Journal, 39 (2011), 93-112.
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