The Field Of Artificial Intelligence Essay

The Field Of Artificial Intelligence Essay

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The field of artificial intelligence was created in 1955 by a group of researchers who wanted to “make machines use language, form abstractions and concepts, solve the kinds of problems now reserved for humans, and improve themselves” (Khatchadourian 71). During this time, people aspired for, not feared, a future with civilizations made of intelligent robots. Today, critics of artificial intelligence seem to fear it for the eventual higher than human level of intelligence that its creators planned for it to ultimately possess all along. Herbert Simon, a computer scientist involved in the original project, recognized that humans would need to maintain control over the machines they created in case the machines became self-aware, but he was “not convinced that this would be difficult” (Khatchadourian 72). In the early stages, artificial intelligence programs performed moderately well in the laboratory, such as one system that learned to beat the programmer in a game of checkers. However, these programs were useless in everyday situations. An activity such as picking up a ball required a much more complicated number of computations than the amount needed to teach the program a game. As a result, researchers abandoned the mission of creating a whole collective mind. Instead, the group began creating programs that could perform one specific function, such as speech or vision. This shift in the objective made the possibility of an artificial intelligence program that was more intelligent than a human brain no longer as relevant as it had been in the beginning. It was the speculation of trans humanists in the 1990s that created a discussion of what artificial intelligence could possibly become.
Some prominent philosophers believe that ...


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...earch on rats more efficient. Prior to CRISPR, establishing new lines of genetically-altered mice took over a year. Scientists injected an altered DNA sequence into mouse embryos, hoping that the mutation would be incorporated. This first generation mouse would only have a mixture of mutated and normal cells. Scientists would then mate the first generation with normal mice, to hopefully create a second generation that carried one normal copy of the gene and one mutated copy. Finally, two of these second generation mice would be mated together to hopefully create a third generation with two copies of the mutant gene. This extremely long and unreliable process is no longer needed with the use of CRISPR, which creates the mutated mouse in only one generation. There are so many different parts and possibilities to CRISPR, we should refrain from overlooking any of them.

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The Field Of Artificial Intelligence Essay

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