Fidel Castro 's Theory Of Education Essay

Fidel Castro 's Theory Of Education Essay

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In 1959, Fidel Castro led a revolution and rose to power in Cuba. William Appleman Williams explain that Castro stated that the problem of education is one of the problems that he would take immediate steps to resolve. (Williams n.d.) Therefore, one of the social policies Castro implemented when he rose to power was his Education Reform Policy. The peak of this policy was in 1961, which Ernesto Guevara dubbed the “year of education”.
Castro wanted to expand Cuba’s education system. His primary goal was the extension of education and other social services. In his autobiography, Castro has stated that “[he is] a Socialist, a Marxist, and a Leninist” (Fidel Castro 2008). Being a Socialist indicates that Castro wanted a range of economic and social systems to be characterized by social ownership and democratic control. He wanted to extend education under the government’s control throughout Cuba. This way, the government could control what occurred in the system and corruption could be avoided, since Castro would be able to often oversee the changes that were being made. Along with extending education under government control, Castro had more schools built. Before the year of the literacy campaign was over, the government had built 3,000 new schools. This increase in the number of schools accommodated the increase in the number of students who were beginning to attend school. This meant that more students were able to attend than pre-revolution, which decreased illiteracy rates.
Castro wanted all Cuban citizens to have a right to education. He wanted to start off by increasing the enrollments of children in schools. By May 1959, the percentage of children ages six to fourteen not attending schools had been cut in half. In just a few mo...


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...acy rate had fallen from a whopping 25% to a mere 4%. This drastic decrease of the illiteracy rate in one year indicates that Castro’s policy was very effective and that many more Cuban citizens were gaining at least a basic education.
Castro’s Education Reform Policy resulted in major benefits to both the Cuban education system and the Cuba citizens. The policy wanted to expand Cuba’s education system to rural areas as well as urban, and to give everybody an equal chance to a better education. This benefitted the citizens economically since more jobs were made available and socially since agriculture workers and their children were given a chance to a better education, and the illiteracy rate was decreased. By introducing his Education Reform Policy, Castro greatly improved Cuba’s education system, which benefitted the Cuban civilians both economically and socially.

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