According to Gerrig (Gerrig RJ 1993), when people read fiction they may become fully immersed into the story. While reading, people become transported which often has been known as ‘being lost in a book’. Transportation is defined as ‘a convergent process, where all mental systems and capacities become focused on events occurring in the narrative’(Melanie C. Green and Timothy C. Brock, 2000). The process of the transportation theory makes it possible for readers to leave their everyday world as they know it by reading fiction because it brings about emotional involvement in the story and a self identification with the characters. Many studies have shown that when readers become transported into a narrative...
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...orld that is real but only within its context and a reader can deem it realistic. This then creates a magnetic draw and appeal to the narrative or transportation. However, nonfictional thinking is not able to elicit those same feelings. Fictional narratives present characters, events and the setting of a story in such a way that the reader can become transported and hence change through the narrative. Because of this, fictional reading is able to elicit more empathy via transportation. This all leads to a more emotional draw to stories we want to immerse ourselves into, created a rise in empathy. This is even more realistic for children who with little life experience, have no reason to be jaded to the possibility of a story being inaccurate. Because of this, children often become enthralled into fiction narratives hence the spike in empathy due to fictional reading.
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