FAS, depending on the factors such as location, population and race studied is considered one of the leading known causes of mental retardation and birth defects, with 0.2 – 1.5 out of every 1,000 live births (Ismail, Buckley, Budacki, Jabbar, & Gallicano, 2010) and as many as 40,000 infants born with some sort of disorder or complication related to alcohol consumption every year. (Mayo Clinic, 2009)
The severity that the disorder may have on a fetus depends on the amount of alcohol that was consumed and the time of consumption when the fetus was in uetero. FAS does not always result from high amounts of alcohol ingested by the mother, but possibly when it was consumed. The most critical time of fetal development in pregnancy is throughout the first trimester when the fetal body systems and organs are in the most vital stages of development, and are at risk for being severely altered, effecting every individual diagnosed in different ways. The central nervous system and brain are most affected, leading to developmental and cognitive alterations as well as physical changes of the child that is born with FAS. (Ismail, Buckley, Budacki, Jabbar, & Gallicano, 2010)
Fetal Alcohol syndrome is one of the leading causes of disabilities that could be prevented in the world; the costs of someone with FAS are between $800,000 to over 2.0 million dollars in medical and overall costs throughout their life. (Lupton, Burd, & Hardwood, 2004)...
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Lupton, C., Burd, L., & Hardwood, R. . (2004). Cost of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part C: Seminars in1 Medical Genetics, 127C(1), Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajmg.c.30015/full doi: 10.1002/ajmg.c.30015
Mayo Clinic Staff. (2009, May 22). Fetal Alcohol Syndrom Retrieved February 13 2011, from the MayoClinic Website: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/fetal-alcohol-syndrome/DS00184
Nathanson, V., & O'Brien, P. (2007). Is it safe for women to drink small amounts of alcohol during pregnancy?. British Medical Journal , 335, 856-857.
Peadon, E., Payne, J., Henley, Nadine, D'Antoine, H., & Bartu, A., et al. (2010). Women. BMC Puplic Health, 10(510), Retrieved from http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/10/510 doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-510
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