Alcohol is a teratogen that has raised concerns about fetal developmental outcomes for years. When a pregnant woman consumes alcohol, it is carried to all her organs and tissues including the placenta. Alcohol has tissue toxins which may interfere directly with cellular growth and metabolism of the foetus; this is how researchers have concluded that prenatal exposure to alcohol leads to structural abnormalities, behavioural and neurocognitive disabilities resulting in low intelligence, behavioural impairments, poor social judgement, and general difficulty performing everyday tasks (Hannigan & Riley 1990).
In South Africa, in the Western Cape Province, there are high prevalence rates of FAS among children as stated by local c...
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...ildren with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome in the Western Cape Province of South Africa: A Case Control Study.
Philip A. May, PhD, Lesley Brooke, BS, J. Phillip Gossage, PhD, Julie Croxford, RN, BS, Colleen Adnams, MD, FCP, Kenneth L. Jones, MD, Luther Robinson, MD, and Denis Viljoen, MDAm J Public Health. 2000 December; 90(12): 1905–1912. Epidemiology of fetal alcohol syndrome in a South African community in the Western Cape Province. Am J Public health. 2005 july; 95(7): 1099-1101.
MF Urban, MF Chersich, L-A Fourie, C Chetty, L Olivier, D Viljoen South African Medical Journal Vol. 98 (11) 2008: pp. 877-882. Fetal alcohol syndrome among grade-one children in the Northern Cape Province: prevalence and risk factors.
Jorge Rosenthal, PhD, Mc, Arnold Christianson, MD, and Jose Cordero, MD. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Prevention in South Africa and Other Low-Resource Countries
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- Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a set of physical and mental birth defects that can result when a woman drinks alcohol during her pregnancy. When a pregnant woman drinks alcohol, such as beer, wine, or mixed drinks, so does her baby. Alcohol passes through the placenta right into the developing baby. The baby may suffer lifelong damage as a result. FAS is characterized by brain damage, facial deformities, and growth deficits. Heart, liver, and kidney defects also are common, as well as vision and hearing problems.... [tags: Fetal alcohol syndrome, Pregnancy, Alcohol]
1545 words (4.4 pages)
- The Institute of Medicine Report to Congress (1996) described Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) as the following: “Of all the substances of abuse, including heroin, cocaine, and marijuana, alcohol produces by far the most serious neurobehavioral effects in the fetus”. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) was first introduced in the United States in 1973 by Drs. Kenneth Jones and David Smith, two pediatric dysmorphologists (Jones & Smith, 1973). Even with these ancient references, it wasn’t until relatively modern times that the medical profession took notice of the connection between prenatal maternal alcohol consumption and developmental difficulties in children.... [tags: Fetal alcohol syndrome, Pregnancy, Alcohol]
2209 words (6.3 pages)
- Alcohol (wine, beer, or liquor) is the leading known preventable cause of developmental and physical birth defects in the United States. When a woman drinks alcohol during pregnancy, she risks giving birth to a child who will pay the price, in mental and physical deficiencies, for his or her entire life. One study (Phyllis Trujillo Lewis, MA, Philip A. May, PhD, and Virginia C. Shipman, PhD, 2007) asserted that “Numerous studies on alcohol-related birth defects have concluded that maternal drinking, compounded by other risk factors, leads to fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).... [tags: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Research paper]
2587 words (7.4 pages)
- Why is it such a bad thing to consume alcohol before or during pregnancy. It is assumed to be common sense to not to drink while pregnant, but without education many people may not know the real dangers and consequences of this action. There are many different birth defects or diseases that a baby can contract because of his or her mother’s alcohol consumption while or right before pregnancy. A disorder known as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a one risk for those who have mothers that were not careful during their pregnancy.... [tags: Pregnancy, Fetus, Embryo, Fetal alcohol syndrome]
1813 words (5.2 pages)
- Combating Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Living with the consequences of someone else’s mistakes is the harsh reality for people diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a series of birth defects caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol (Cook and Cook 88). This disorder shows the most severe alcohol effects on a developing fetus. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a disorder caused by prenatal alcohol consumption, resulting in a variety of deficits both physically and mentally, and has effects on the individual and his family that they will learn to cope with for a lifetime.... [tags: Pregnancy, Fetal alcohol syndrome, Alcohol]
723 words (2.1 pages)
- Diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome There is not a specific test to diagnose FAS. However, the Center of Disease Control collaborated with experts to write guidelines in regards to diagnosing FAS. These guidelines include: abnormal facial features, lower than average height and weight, central nervous system problems, and prenatal alcohol exposure.12 Due to the fact that there isn’t a definite test for the diagnosis of FAS, some cases go undetected. This could potentially be detrimental for the affected child because steps of intervention aren’t set into place to help a child suffering from symptoms of potential FAS.... [tags: Pregnancy, Fetus, Fetal alcohol syndrome, Uterus]
726 words (2.1 pages)
- When you are pregnant, you are not just "eating for two." You also breathe and drink for two, so it is important to carefully consider what you give to your baby. If you smoke, use alcohol or take illegal drugs, so does your unborn baby. Smoking during pregnancy passes nicotine and causes problems with their respiratory system to your baby. Smoke also keeps your baby from getting nourishment and raises the risk of stillbirth or premature birth. Most people know that smoking causes cancer and other major health problems.... [tags: Pregnancy, Childbirth, Fetal alcohol syndrome]
1637 words (4.7 pages)
- Could you ever imagine feeding your infant alcohol through a bottle. This is equivalent to what alcohol does to the fetus in the womb. This results in a tragic disease known as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Alcohol can affect a human body in many different ways. Alcohol can be the highlight of a party and make anything exciting, but also can seriously alter human life. It’s quite often that we see on the news another victim dead, or in critical condition because their signs and symptoms were loud enough for others to notice, because a baby cannot speak for itself it isn’t able to show signs of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is effecting it.... [tags: Drugs and Alcohol, Health, Social Issues]
2736 words (7.8 pages)
- Sleep disorders are an underestimated public health concern considering that fifty to seventy million Americans are affected. Technological advances in the field of sleep have facilitated various theories to explain the need for and the purpose of sleep. Scientist have uncovered many types of sleep disorders such as insomnia, sleep apnea, and narcolepsy. Sleep disorders affect men ,women, children, the elderly, and the obese in different ways. Factors such as the number of children and the effects of menopause have been studied to determine their effects on sleep.... [tags: underestimated public health concerns]
2324 words (6.6 pages)
- Birth defects are on the rise in the United States. Sadly, most of these birth defects can be prevented. For example, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is caused when a women drinks alcohol during any part of her pregnancy. In the United States, 1 out of 750 infants is born with various types of physical, developmental, and functional problems (Nicholson, 2008). These infants have Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. The majority of pregnancies that have baby's with fetal alcohol syndromes result in a still birth or miscarriage (A.D.A.M, 2010).... [tags: Health]
587 words (1.7 pages)