Fetal Abnormalities And The First Treatment Of Mmr Essay

Fetal Abnormalities And The First Treatment Of Mmr Essay

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There was a general pattern between the treatments used and the embryos that survived or died, or that survived and had abnormalities in their development (Figures 1 & 2). It was observed that the highest concentrations of both the ethanol and whiskey treatments had no embryos that survived (Figure 1). It was also noted that the second highest and lowest concentrations of both these treatments had significant numbers of dead embryos, although some survived (Figure 1). The third highest concentrations of the two treatments of ethanol and whiskey usually had low death counts (Figure 1). It was observed that the Marc’s Ringers Solution (MMR: saline) had very little effect on the frog embryos where fetal abnormalities were concerned. The embryos found dead were about equal in the count for the concentrations (0.1 mL) of the MMR (Figure 2). There were, however, a lot more embryos with typical development in the first treatment of MMR than there was in the second treatment (Figure 2). None of the embryos were found alive in the highest concentration of the ethanol treatment which was 2.5 mL. Only one embryo survived the second highest concentration (1.25) of the ethanol treatment, but had abnormalities in its anterior, dorsal and ventral development (Figure 2). The third highest concentration (0.75 mL) of ethanol had quite a lot of embryos with typical development, a few dead embryos, abnormalities in the anterior development of some embryos and abnormalities in the anterior, dorsal, and ventral developments of one embryo (Figure 2). The lowest concentration of the ethanol treatment had a significant number of dead embryos (more so than the 0.75 mL), a few typical embryos, and some embryos with developmental abnormalities. None of the e...


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... one woman’s pregnancy doesn’t mean it might not affect another woman’s. The responsibility of taking care of the pregnant woman should equally be that of the mother and doctors. The doctors are obligated to inform these expecting mothers of the risks involved in drinking, especially in heavy drinking, but the decision of whether or not a woman decides to drink during her pregnancy should be hers. Additionally, pregnant women who drink, will be required to go in for screenings at the beginning and end of each trimester to monitor the health of the fetus. Medical advances in technology can help doctors monitor an early fetal organ system’s development by using a small sample of amniotic fluid (Heather 2011). This screening will be made inexpensive and available for all women, especially those with low-income. Violation of this policy could possibly result in a fine.

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